NAV 2013 Q1
Table of Contents

 
 
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
___________________________________________________
Form 10-Q
___________________________________________________
(Mark One)
þ
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended January 31, 2013

OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to        
   Commission file number 1-9618
___________________________________________________

 
NAVISTAR INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
___________________________________________________
Delaware
36-3359573
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
2701 Navistar Drive, Lisle, Illinois
60532
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (331) 332-5000
___________________________________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  þ    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definition of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
 
þ
  
Accelerated filer
 
o
Non-accelerated filer
 
o
  
Smaller reporting company
 
o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes  o    No  þ
As of February 28, 2013, the number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock was 80,114,834, net of treasury shares.
 
 
 
 
 


Table of Contents

NAVISTAR INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
PART I—Financial Information
 
Item 1.
4

 
4

 
5

 
6

 
7

 
8

 
9

Item 2.
37

Item 3.
48

Item 4.
48

 
 
 
PART II—Other Information
 
Item 1.
49

Item 1A.
49

Item 2.
49

Item 3.
49

Item 4.
50

Item 5.
50

Item 6.
50

 
51



2

Table of Contents

Disclosure Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
Information provided and statements contained in this report that are not purely historical are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended ("Securities Act"), Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended ("Exchange Act"), and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such forward-looking statements only speak as of the date of this report and Navistar International Corporation assumes no obligation to update the information included in this report.
Such forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements concerning:
estimates we have made in preparing our financial statements;
our development of new products and technologies;
the anticipated sales, volume, demand, and markets for our products;
the anticipated performance and benefits of our products and technologies, including our advanced clean engine solutions;
our business strategies relating to, and our ability to meet, federal and state regulatory heavy-duty diesel emissions standards applicable to certain of our engines, including the timing and costs of compliance and consequences of noncompliance with such standards, as well as our ability to meet other federal, state and foreign regulatory requirements;
our business strategies and long-term goals, and activities to accomplish such strategies and goals;
anticipated benefits from acquisitions, strategic alliances, and joint ventures we complete;
our expectations relating to the dissolution of our Blue Diamond Truck joint venture with Ford Motor Company expected in December 2014;
our expectations and estimates relating to restructuring activities, including restructuring and integration charges and timing of cash payments related thereto, and operational flexibility, savings, and efficiencies from such restructurings;
our expectations relating to the possible effects of anticipated divestitures and closures of businesses;
our expectations relating to our cost-reduction actions, including our voluntary separation program, involuntary reduction in force, and other actions to reduce discretionary spending;
our implementation of a new Return-On-Invested Capital methodology;
our realigning our management structure around functional expertise;
our changes to our organizational and segment reporting structures expected to be completed in the second quarter of 2013;
our expectations relating to our ability to service our long-term debt;
our expectations relating to our retail finance receivables and retail finance revenues;
our expectations relating to the availability of sufficient funds to meet operating requirements, capital expenditures, equity
investments and strategic acquisitions;
our anticipated costs relating to the development of our emissions solutions products and other product modifications that may be required to meet other federal, state, and foreign regulatory requirements;
our anticipated capital expenditures;
our expectations relating to payments of taxes;
our expectations relating to warranty costs;
our expectations relating to interest expense;
costs relating to litigation and similar matters;
estimates relating to pension plan contributions and unfunded pension and postretirement benefits;
trends relating to commodity prices; and
anticipated trends, expectations, and outlook relating to matters affecting our financial condition or results of operations.
These statements often include words such as "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "intend," "plan," "estimate," or similar expressions. These statements are not guarantees of performance or results and they involve risks, uncertainties, and assumptions. Although we believe that these forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, there are many factors that could affect our actual financial results or results of operations and could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to differences in our future financial results include those discussed in Item 1A, Risk Factors, included within our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended October 31, 2012, which was filed on December 19, 2012, as well as those discussed elsewhere in this report. All future written and oral forward-looking statements by us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained herein or referred to above. Except for our ongoing obligations to disclose material information as required by the federal securities laws, we do not have any obligations or intention to release publicly any revisions to any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances in the future or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.
Available Information
We are subject to the reporting and information requirements of the Exchange Act and as a result, are obligated to file annual, quarterly, and current reports, proxy statements, and other information with the United States ("U.S.") Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). We make these filings available free of charge on our website (http://www.navistar.com) as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file them with, or furnish them to, the SEC. Information on our website does not constitute part of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. In addition, the SEC maintains a website (http://www.sec.gov) that contains our annual, quarterly, and current reports, proxy and information statements, and other information we electronically file with, or furnish to, the SEC. Any materials we file with, or furnish to, the SEC may also be read and/or copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330.

3

Table of Contents

PART I—Financial Information

Item 1.
Financial Statements

Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended January 31,
(in millions, except per share data)
2013
 
2012
Sales and revenues
 
 
 
Sales of manufactured products, net
$
2,598

 
$
2,965

Finance revenues
39

 
44

Sales and revenues, net
2,637

 
3,009

Costs and expenses
 
 
 
Costs of products sold
2,286

 
2,650

Restructuring charges
2

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses
285

 
355

Engineering and product development costs
111

 
135

Interest expense
74

 
61

Other expense (income), net
(38
)
 
8

Total costs and expenses
2,720

 
3,209

Equity in loss of non-consolidated affiliates
(1
)
 
(7
)
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes
(84
)
 
(207
)
Income tax benefit (expense)
(15
)
 
76

Loss from continuing operations
(99
)
 
(131
)
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax
(9
)
 
(9
)
Net loss
(108
)
 
(140
)
Less: Net income attributable to non-controlling interests
15

 
13

Net loss attributable to Navistar International Corporation
$
(123
)
 
$
(153
)
 
 
 
 
Amounts attributable to Navistar International Corporation common shareholders:
 
 
 
Loss from continuing operations, net of tax
$
(114
)
 
$
(144
)
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax
(9
)
 
(9
)
Net loss
$
(123
)
 
$
(153
)
 
 
 
 
Loss per share:
 
 
 
Basic:
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
(1.42
)
 
$
(2.06
)
Discontinued operations
(0.11
)
 
(0.13
)
 
$
(1.53
)
 
$
(2.19
)
 
 
 
 
Diluted:
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
(1.42
)
 
$
(2.06
)
Discontinued operations
(0.11
)
 
(0.13
)
 
$
(1.53
)
 
$
(2.19
)
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
 
 
 
Basic
80.2

 
69.9

Diluted
80.2

 
69.9


See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
4

Table of Contents

Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss 
(Unaudited)
(in millions)
Three Months Ended January 31,
2013
 
2012
Net loss attributable to Navistar International Corporation
$
(123
)
 
$
(153
)
Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
17

 
(13
)
Defined benefit plans (net of tax of $0 and $12, respectively)
38

 
23

Total other comprehensive income
55

 
10

Total comprehensive loss attributable to Navistar International Corporation
$
(68
)
 
$
(143
)



See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
5

Table of Contents

Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in millions, except per share data)
January 31,
2013
 
October 31,
2012
ASSETS
(Unaudited)
 
 
Current assets
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
497

 
$
1,087

Marketable securities
771

 
466

Trade and other receivables, net
749

 
749

Finance receivables, net
1,544

 
1,663

Inventories
1,520

 
1,537

Deferred taxes, net
74

 
74

Other current assets
261

 
261

Total current assets
5,416

 
5,837

Restricted cash
102

 
161

Trade and other receivables, net
92

 
94

Finance receivables, net
450

 
486

Investments in non-consolidated affiliates
59

 
62

Property and equipment (net of accumulated depreciation and amortization of $2,295 and $2,228, respectively)
1,643

 
1,660

Goodwill
282

 
280

Intangible assets (net of accumulated amortization of $83 and $78, respectively)
167

 
171

Deferred taxes, net
190

 
189

Other noncurrent assets
130

 
162

Total assets
$
8,531

 
$
9,102

LIABILITIES and STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
Current liabilities
 
 
 
Notes payable and current maturities of long-term debt
$
936

 
$
1,205

Accounts payable
1,547

 
1,686

Other current liabilities
1,416

 
1,462

Total current liabilities
3,899

 
4,353

Long-term debt
3,526

 
3,566

Postretirement benefits liabilities
3,373

 
3,405

Deferred taxes, net
39

 
42

Other noncurrent liabilities
1,003

 
996

Total liabilities
11,840

 
12,362

Redeemable equity securities
4

 
5

Stockholders’ deficit
 
 
 
Series D convertible junior preference stock
3

 
3

Common stock (86.8 and 86.0 shares issued, respectively; and $0.10 par value per share and 220.0 shares authorized, at both dates)
9

 
9

Additional paid in capital
2,453

 
2,440

Accumulated deficit
(3,288
)
 
(3,165
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(2,269
)
 
(2,325
)
Common stock held in treasury, at cost (6.7 and 6.8 shares, respectively)
(267
)
 
(272
)
Total stockholders’ deficit attributable to Navistar International Corporation
(3,359
)
 
(3,310
)
Stockholders’ equity attributable to non-controlling interests
46

 
45

Total stockholders’ deficit
(3,313
)
 
(3,265
)
Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit
$
8,531

 
$
9,102


See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
6

Table of Contents

Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended January 31,
(in millions)
2013
 
2012
Cash flows from operating activities
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(108
)
 
$
(140
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
89

 
68

Depreciation of equipment leased to others
11

 
10

Deferred taxes, including change in valuation allowance
(9
)
 
(52
)
Amortization of debt issuance costs and discount
16

 
9

Stock-based compensation
5

 
12

Provision for doubtful accounts, net of recoveries
1

 

Equity in loss of non-consolidated affiliates, net of dividends
3

 
7

Write-off of debt issuance cost and discount

 
8

Other non-cash operating activities

 
1

Changes in other assets and liabilities, exclusive of the effects of businesses acquired and disposed
58

 
196

Net cash provided by operating activities
66

 
119

Cash flows from investing activities
 
 
 
Purchases of marketable securities
(482
)
 
(459
)
Sales or maturities of marketable securities
177

 
738

Net change in restricted cash and cash equivalents
59

 
172

Capital expenditures
(72
)
 
(103
)
Purchase of equipment leased to others
(32
)
 
(25
)
Proceeds from sales of property and equipment
3

 
2

Investments in non-consolidated affiliates

 
(9
)
Business acquisitions, net of cash received

 
(3
)
Acquisition of intangibles

 
(12
)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
(347
)
 
301

Cash flows from financing activities
 
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of securitized debt

 
232

Principal payments on securitized debt
(190
)
 
(522
)
Proceeds from issuance of non-securitized debt
25

 
479

Principal payments on non-securitized debt
(60
)
 
(480
)
Net decrease in notes and debt outstanding under revolving credit facilities
(32
)
 
(62
)
Principal payments under financing arrangements and capital lease obligations
(47
)
 
(16
)
Debt issuance costs
(1
)
 
(15
)
Issuance of common stock
14

 

Purchase of treasury stock

 
(70
)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
1

 
1

Dividends paid by subsidiaries to non-controlling interest
(13
)
 
(22
)
Other financing activities

 
(3
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(303
)
 
(478
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(6
)
 
7

Decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(590
)
 
(51
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the period
1,087

 
539

Cash and cash equivalents at end of the period
$
497

 
$
488


See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
7

Table of Contents

Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)
(Unaudited)
(in millions)
Series D
Convertible
Junior
Preference
Stock
 
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Accumulated
Deficit
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Common
Stock
Held in
Treasury,
at cost
 
Stockholders'
Equity
Attributable
to Non-controlling
Interests
 
Total
Balance as of October 31, 2012
$
3

 
$
9

 
$
2,440

 
$
(3,165
)
 
$
(2,325
)
 
$
(272
)
 
$
45

 
$
(3,265
)
Net income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
(123
)
 
 
 
 
 
15

 
(108
)
Total other comprehensive income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
55

 
 
 
 
 
55

Transfer from redeemable equity securities upon exercise or expiration of stock options
 
 
 
 
1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1

Stock-based compensation
 
 
 
 
3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3

Stock ownership programs
 
 
 
 
(5
)
 
 
 
 
 
5

 
 
 

Cash dividends paid to non-controlling interest
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(13
)
 
(13
)
October 2012 issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs and fees
 
 
 
 
14

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14

Other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1

 
 
 
(1
)
 

Balance as of January 31, 2013
$
3

 
$
9

 
$
2,453

 
$
(3,288
)
 
$
(2,269
)
 
$
(267
)
 
$
46

 
$
(3,313
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance as of October 31, 2011
$
3

 
$
7

 
$
2,253

 
$
(155
)
 
$
(1,944
)
 
$
(191
)
 
$
50

 
$
23

Net income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
(153
)
 
 
 
 
 
13

 
(140
)
Total other comprehensive income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10

 
 
 
 
 
10

Stock-based compensation
 
 
 
 
8

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8

Stock ownership programs
 
 
 
 
(8
)
 
 
 
 
 
8

 
 
 

Stock repurchase programs
 
 
 
 
20

 
 
 
 
 
(95
)
 
 
 
(75
)
Cash dividends paid to non-controlling interest
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(22
)
 
(22
)
Other
 
 
1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1

Balance as of January 31, 2012
$
3

 
$
8

 
$
2,273

 
$
(308
)
 
$
(1,934
)
 
$
(278
)
 
$
41

 
$
(195
)

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
8

Table of Contents

Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Organization and Description of the Business
Navistar International Corporation ("NIC"), incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware in 1993, is a holding company whose principal operating subsidiaries are Navistar, Inc. and Navistar Financial Corporation ("NFC"). References herein to the "Company," "we," "our," or "us" refer collectively to NIC and its consolidated subsidiaries, including certain variable interest entities ("VIEs") of which we are the primary beneficiary. Our fiscal year ends October 31. We operate in four principal industry segments: Truck, Engine, Parts (collectively called "Manufacturing operations"), and Financial Services, which consists of NFC and our foreign finance operations (collectively called "Financial Services operations"). These segments are discussed in Note 13, Segment Reporting.
Basis of Presentation and Consolidation
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements include the assets, liabilities, and results of operations of our manufacturing operations, which include majority-owned dealers ("Dealcors"), and our financial services operations, including VIEs of which we are the primary beneficiary. The effects of transactions among consolidated entities have been eliminated to arrive at the consolidated amounts. Certain reclassifications were made to prior periods' amounts to conform to the 2013 presentation.
We prepared the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements in accordance with United States ("U.S.") generally accepted accounting principles ("U.S. GAAP") for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X issued by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by U.S. GAAP for comprehensive annual financial statements.
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting policies described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended October 31, 2012 and should be read in conjunction with the disclosures therein. In our opinion, these interim consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly the financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows for the periods presented. Operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of annual operating results.
Variable Interest Entities
We have an interest in several VIEs, primarily joint ventures, established to manufacture or distribute products and enhance our operational capabilities. We have determined for certain of our VIEs that we are the primary beneficiary because we have the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the VIE's economic performance and have the obligation to absorb losses of the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE or the right to receive benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE. Accordingly, we include in our consolidated financial statements the assets and liabilities and results of operations of those entities, even though we may not own a majority voting interest. The liabilities recognized as a result of consolidating these VIEs do not represent additional claims on our general assets; rather they represent claims against the specific assets of these VIEs. Assets of these entities are not readily available to satisfy claims against our general assets.
We are the primary beneficiary of our Blue Diamond Parts ("BDP") and Blue Diamond Truck ("BDT") joint ventures with Ford Motor Company ("Ford"). As a result, our Consolidated Balance Sheets include assets of $222 million and $246 million and liabilities of $104 million and $109 million as of January 31, 2013 and October 31, 2012, respectively, from BDP and BDT, including $37 million and $26 million of cash and cash equivalents, at the respective dates, which are not readily available to satisfy claims against our general assets. The creditors of BDP and BDT do not have recourse to our general credit. In December 2011, Ford notified the Company of its intention to dissolve the BDT joint venture effective December 2014. We do not expect the dissolution of the BDT joint venture to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
Our Financial Services segment consolidates several VIEs. As a result, our Consolidated Balance Sheets include assets of $1.1 billion at both January 31, 2013 and October 31, 2012, and liabilities of $776 million and $914 million as of January 31, 2013 and October 31, 2012, respectively, all of which are involved in securitizations that are treated as borrowings. In addition, our Consolidated Balance Sheets include assets of $291 million and $359 million and related liabilities of $106 million and $157 million as of January 31, 2013 and October 31, 2012, respectively, all of which are involved in transactions that do not qualify for sale accounting treatment, and therefore, are treated as borrowings. Investors that hold securitization debt have a priority claim on the cash flows generated by their respective securitized assets to the extent that the related trusts are entitled to make principal and interest payments. Investors in securitizations of these entities have no recourse to our general credit.

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Table of Contents
Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

We also have an interest in other VIEs, which we do not consolidate because we are not the primary beneficiary. Our financial support and maximum loss exposure relating to these non-consolidated VIEs are not material to our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.
We use the equity method to account for our investments in entities that we do not control under the voting interest or variable interest models, but where we have the ability to exercise significant influence over operating and financial policies. Equity in loss of non-consolidated affiliates includes our share of the net income (loss) of these entities.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the periods presented. Significant estimates and assumptions are used for, but are not limited to, pension and other postretirement benefits, allowance for doubtful accounts, income tax contingency accruals and valuation allowances, product warranty accruals, asbestos and other product liability accruals, asset impairment charges, and litigation-related accruals. Actual results could differ from our estimates.
Concentration Risks
Our financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows are subject to concentration risks related to concentrations of our union employees. As of January 31, 2013, approximately 4,600, or 49%, of our hourly workers and approximately 400, or 5%, of our salaried workers are represented by labor unions and are covered by collective bargaining agreements. Our future operations may be affected by changes in governmental procurement policies, budget considerations, changing national defense requirements, and global, political, regulatory and economic developments in the U.S. and certain foreign countries (primarily Canada, Mexico, and Brazil).
Product Warranty Liability
Accrued product warranty and deferred warranty revenue activity is as follows:
 
Three Months Ended January 31,
(in millions)
2013
 
2012
Balance at beginning of period
$
1,118

 
$
598

Costs accrued and revenues deferred
111

 
111

Adjustments to pre-existing warranties(A)(B)
40

 
123

Payments and revenues recognized
(161
)
 
(106
)
Balance at end of period
1,108

 
726

Less: Current portion
559

 
324

Noncurrent accrued product warranty and deferred warranty revenue
$
549

 
$
402

_________________________
(A)
Adjustments to pre-existing warranties reflect changes in our estimate of warranty costs for products sold in prior periods. Such adjustments typically occur when claims experience deviates from historic and expected trends. Our warranty liability is generally affected by component failure rates, repair costs, and the timing of failures. Future events and circumstances related to these factors could materially change our estimates and require adjustments to our liability. In addition, new product launches require a greater use of judgment in developing estimates until historical experience becomes available. In the first quarter of 2013, we recorded adjustments for changes in estimates of $40 million or $0.50 per diluted share. In the first quarter of 2012, we recorded adjustments for changes in estimates of $123 million, or $1.76 per diluted share. Net of tax, the first quarter of 2012 adjustments for changes in estimates amounted to $81 million, or $1.16 per diluted share.
(B)
In the first quarter of 2013, we recognized $13 million of charges for adjustments to pre-existing warranties for a specific warranty issue related to component parts from a supplier. Also during the quarter, we reached agreement for reimbursement from this supplier for this amount and other costs previously accrued. As a result of this agreement, we recognized a recovery of $27 million within Costs of products sold and recorded a receivable within Other current assets.
The amount of deferred revenue related to extended warranty programs was $377 million and $364 million at January 31, 2013 and October 31, 2012, respectively. Revenue recognized under our extended warranty programs was $29 million and $15 million for the three months ended January 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

10

Table of Contents
Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

Recently Issued and Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
There are no recently issued accounting standards for which the Company expects a material impact on our consolidated financial statements. In addition, for the three months ended January 31, 2013, the Company has not adopted any new accounting guidance that has had a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
2. Discontinued Operations
In the first quarter of 2013, the Company completed the idling of the Workhorse Custom Chassis ("WCC") operations. At January 31, 2013, the operating results of the WCC operations, which were previously included as part of the Truck segment, are reported as discontinued operations in the Consolidated Statements of Operations for all periods presented.
Also in the first quarter of 2013, certain operations of the Monaco recreational vehicle ("RV") business ("Monaco") were determined to be held-for-sale. At January 31, 2013, the operating results of these certain operations of Monaco, which were previously included as part of the Truck segment, are reported as discontinued operations in the Consolidated Statements of Operations for all periods presented.
WCC and Monaco were not material to the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets or Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows and have not been reclassified in the respective financial statements.
The summarized activity in the Company's Consolidated Statements of Operations for discontinued operations is presented in the following table:
 
Three Months Ended January 31,
(in millions)
2013
 
2012
Sales and revenues, net
$
34

 
$
43

 
 
 
 
Loss before income taxes
$
(9
)
 
$
(14
)
Income tax benefit

 
5

Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax
$
(9
)
 
$
(9
)
We generally use a centralized approach to cash management, financing of our manufacturing operations, and general corporate related functions, and, accordingly, do not allocate debt, interest expense, or corporate overhead to our discontinued businesses. Any debt and related interest expense of a specific entity within a business is recorded by the respective entity.
3. Restructurings and Impairments
Restructuring charges recorded are based on restructuring plans that have been committed to by management and are, in part, based upon management's best estimates of future events. Changes to the estimates may require future adjustments to the restructuring liabilities.
Cost-Reductions and Other Strategic Initiatives
In the fourth quarter of 2012, we announced actions to control spending across the Company with targeted reductions of certain costs. In addition to the expected integration synergies resulting from ongoing efforts to consolidate our truck and engine engineering operations, as well as the relocation of our world headquarters to Lisle, Illinois, we are focusing on continued reductions in discretionary spending, including but not limited to reductions from efficiencies, and prioritizing or eliminating certain programs or projects.
We continue to evaluate options to improve the efficiency and performance of our operations. Our focus is on improving our core North American Truck, Engine and Parts performance. We are evaluating opportunities to restructure our business and rationalize our manufacturing operations in an effort to optimize our cost structure, which could include, among other actions, additional rationalization of our manufacturing operations and/or divesting of non-core businesses. These actions could result in additional restructuring and other related charges during fiscal 2013, including but not limited to, impairments, employee termination costs and charges for pension and other postretirement contractual benefits and pension curtailments, and these charges could be significant.
Voluntary separation program and reduction in force
In the fourth quarter of 2012, the Company offered the majority of our U.S.-based non-represented salaried employees the opportunity to apply for a voluntary separation program ("VSP"). Along with the employees who chose to participate in the

11

Table of Contents
Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

VSP, we used attrition and an involuntary reduction in force to eliminate additional positions in order to meet our targeted reductions goal. In addition to these actions in the U.S., our Brazilian operations utilized an involuntary reduction in force to eliminate positions. As a result of these actions and charges related to the elimination of certain executive positions, the Company recognized restructuring charges of $73 million in the fourth quarter of 2012. The restructuring charges consisted of $66 million in personnel costs for employee termination and related benefits and $7 million of charges for pension and other postretirement contractual termination benefits. The Company expects the restructuring charges, excluding other postretirement costs, will be paid throughout the year.
Engineering Integration
In 2011, the Company committed to a plan and finalized the purchase of the property and buildings to consolidate its truck and engine engineering operations, as well as the relocation of our world headquarters. The Company is utilizing proceeds from an October 2010 loan agreement related to tax exempt bonds (the "Tax Exempt Bonds") to finance the relocation of the Company’s world headquarters and engineering center, the expansion of an existing warehouse facility, and the development of certain industrial facilities to assist with the consolidation of certain operations (the "Loan Agreement").
In the second quarter of 2012, the Company vacated the premises of its former world headquarters in Warrenville, Illinois and recorded a charge of $16 million, consisting of $19 million for the recognition of the fair value of the lease vacancy obligation, partially offset by $3 million for the reversal of deferred rent expense. This charge was recorded in Corporate and recognized in Restructuring charges. The cash payments associated with the lease vacancy obligation are expected to be completed by the end of 2016.
North American Manufacturing Restructuring Activities and Impairments of Intangible Assets
The Company continues to evaluate opportunities to restructure and rationalize its manufacturing operations in an effort to optimize the cost structure. In the third quarter of 2011, the Company committed to plans for the restructuring of certain North American manufacturing operations, including the closure of its Chatham, Ontario heavy truck plant and actions related to WCC and the Monaco recreational vehicle business ("Monaco") (collectively "Custom Products"). In the fourth quarter of 2012, the Company announced its plan to cease operations and close its Garland, Texas truck manufacturing operations (the "Garland Facility") in the first half of 2013. During the three months ended January 31, 2013, the Company's Consolidated statements of operations were restated to reflect the operating results of WCC and certain operating results of Monaco as discontinued operations. For more information, see Note 2, Discontinued Operations.
Garland Facility closure
In the fourth quarter of 2012, the Company committed to cease operations and close its Garland Facility. Beginning in early 2013, the Company began transitioning truck volumes being produced at the Garland Facility to other North America operations that produce similar models. We anticipate charges of $20 million to $40 million in 2013. We expect the restructuring charges relating to employee separation benefits will be paid during 2013.
Chatham restructuring activities
In the third quarter of 2011, the Company committed to close its Chatham, Ontario heavy truck plant, which had been idled since June 2009 due to an inability to reach a collective bargaining agreement with the Canadian Auto Workers ("CAW"). Under the Company's flexible manufacturing strategy, products previously built in Chatham were transitioned to other assembly plants in North America. The commitment to close the plant was also driven by economic, industry, and operational conditions that rendered the plant uncompetitive. Ultimate pension and postretirement costs and termination benefits are subject to employee negotiation and acceptance rates. We anticipate charges of $30 million to $70 million in future periods. We expect the restructuring charges, excluding pension and other postretirement costs, will be paid over the next year.
Custom Products restructuring activities and impairment of intangible assets
In the third quarter of 2011, the Company committed to a restructuring plan of Custom Products, including the closure of the Union City, Indiana chassis facility and the wind-down and transfer of certain operations at the RV motor coach plant in Coburg, Oregon. In the second quarter of 2012, the Company decided to discontinue accepting orders for its WCC business, and in the fourth quarter of 2012, completed a series of transactions that resulted in ceasing production of the WCC operations.
As a result of the decision in the second quarter of 2012 to idle the WCC business, the WCC asset group was reviewed in the second quarter of 2012 for recoverability and determined not to be recoverable. We determined that the remaining intangible asset balances were fully impaired, and the Company recognized asset impairment charges of $28 million in Loss from

12

Table of Contents
Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

discontinued operations, net of tax. In addition, the Parts segment recognized a charge of $10 million for the impairment of certain intangible assets of the parts distribution operations related to the WCC business.
Restructuring Liability
The following tables summarize the activity in the restructuring liability, which includes amounts related to discontinued operations and excludes pension and other postretirement contractual termination benefits:
(in millions)
Balance at October 31, 2012
 
Additions
 
Payments
 
Adjustments
 
Balance at January 31, 2013
Employee termination charges
$
72

 
$

 
$
(27
)
 
$
(2
)
 
$
43

Employee relocation costs

 
1

 
(1
)
 

 

Lease vacancy
17

 
1

 
(2
)
 
1

 
17

Other

 
1

 

 

 
1

Restructuring liability
$
89

 
$
3

 
$
(30
)
 
$
(1
)
 
$
61

(in millions)
Balance at
October 31, 2011
 
Additions
 
Payments
 
Adjustments
 
Balance at January 31, 2012
Employee termination charges
$
31

 
$
1

 
$
(2
)
 
$
(2
)
 
$
28

Employee relocation costs

 
1

 
(1
)
 

 

Other
8

 

 
(7
)
 

 
1

Restructuring liability
$
39

 
$
2

 
$
(10
)
 
$
(2
)
 
$
29

4. Finance Receivables
Finance receivables are receivables of our financial services operations, which generally can be repaid without penalty prior to contractual maturity. Finance receivables generally consist of retail and wholesale accounts and retail and wholesale notes. Total finance receivables reported on the Consolidated Balance Sheets are net of an allowance for doubtful accounts. Total assets of our financial services operations net of intercompany balances are $2.4 billion and $2.6 billion as of January 31, 2013 and October 31, 2012, respectively. Included in total assets are finance receivables of $2.0 billion and $2.1 billion as of January 31, 2013 and October 31, 2012, respectively. We have two portfolio segments of finance receivables based on the type of financing inherent to each portfolio. The retail portfolio segment represents loans or leases to end-users for the purchase or lease of vehicles. The wholesale portfolio segment represents loans to dealers to finance their inventory.
Our finance receivables by major classification are as follows:
(in millions)
January 31, 2013
 
October 31, 2012
Retail portfolio
$
911

 
$
1,048

Wholesale portfolio
1,108

 
1,128

Total finance receivables
2,019

 
2,176

Less: Allowance for doubtful accounts
25

 
27

Total finance receivables, net
1,994

 
2,149

Less: Current portion, net(A)
1,544

 
1,663

Noncurrent portion, net
$
450

 
$
486

_________________________
(A)
The current portion of finance receivables is computed based on contractual maturities. Actual cash collections typically vary from the contractual cash flows because of prepayments, extensions, delinquencies, credit losses, and renewals.
Securitizations
Our Financial Services segment transfers wholesale notes, retail accounts receivable, retail notes, finance leases, and operating leases through special purpose entities ("SPEs"), which generally are only permitted to purchase these assets, issue asset-backed securities, and make payments on the securities. In addition to servicing receivables, our continued involvement in the SPEs may include an economic interest in the transferred receivables and, in some cases, managing exposure to interest rates using interest rate swaps and interest rate caps. There were no transfers of finance receivables that qualified for sale accounting treatment as of January 31, 2013 and October 31, 2012, and as a result, the transferred finance receivables are included in our

13

Table of Contents
Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

Consolidated Balance Sheets and the related interest earned is included in Finance revenues.
We transfer eligible finance receivables into the retail owner trust or the wholesale note owner trust in order to issue asset-backed securities. These trusts are VIEs of which we are determined to be the primary beneficiary and, therefore, the assets and liabilities of the trusts are included in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. The outstanding balance of finance receivables transferred into these VIEs was $1.0 billion and $1.1 billion as of January 31, 2013 and October 31, 2012, respectively. Other finance receivables pledged to secure borrowings were $119 million and $164 million as of January 31, 2013 and October 31, 2012, respectively. For more information on assets and liabilities of consolidated VIEs and other securitizations accounted for as secured borrowings by our Financial Services segment, see Note 1, Summary of significant accounting policies.
Finance Revenues
Finance revenues consist of the following:
 
Three Months Ended January 31,
(in millions)
2013
 
2012
Retail notes and finance leases revenue
$
21

 
$
26

Wholesale notes interest
20

 
23

Operating lease revenue
12

 
9

Retail and wholesale accounts interest
6

 
10

Gross finance revenues
59

 
68

Less: Intercompany revenues
(20
)
 
(24
)
Finance revenues
$
39

 
$
44

5. Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
Our two portfolio segments, retail and wholesale, each consist of one class of receivable based on: (i) initial measurement attributes of the receivables, and (ii) the assessment and monitoring of risk and performance of the receivables. For more information, see Note 4, Finance Receivables.
The activity related to our allowance for doubtful accounts for our retail portfolio segment, wholesale portfolio segment, and trade and other receivables is summarized as follows:
 
Three Months Ended January 31, 2013
(in millions)
Retail
Portfolio
 
Wholesale
Portfolio
 
Trade and
Other
Receivables
 
Total
Allowance for doubtful accounts, at beginning of period
$
27

 
$

 
$
24

 
$
51

Provision for doubtful accounts, net of recoveries
(1
)
 
2

 

 
1

Charge-off of accounts(A)
(3
)
 

 

 
(3
)
Allowance for doubtful accounts, at end of period
$
23

 
$
2

 
$
24

 
$
49

 
Three Months Ended January 31, 2012
(in millions)
Retail
Portfolio
 
Wholesale
Portfolio
 
Trade and
Other
Receivables
 
Total
Allowance for doubtful accounts, at beginning of period
$
31

 
$
2

 
$
17

 
$
50

Provision for doubtful accounts, net of recoveries
(2
)
 
1

 
1

 

Charge-off of accounts(A)
(1
)
 

 
(2
)
 
(3
)
Allowance for doubtful accounts, at end of period
$
28

 
$
3

 
$
16

 
$
47

_________________________
(A)
We repossess sold and leased vehicles on defaulted finance receivables and leases, and place them into Inventories. Losses recognized at the time of repossession and charged against the allowance for doubtful accounts were less than $1 million for the three months ended January 31, 2013, compared to $1 million for the three months ended January 31, 2012.

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Table of Contents
Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

The accrual of interest income is discontinued on certain impaired finance receivables. Impaired finance receivables include accounts with specific loss reserves and certain accounts that are on non-accrual status. In certain cases, we continue to collect payments on our impaired finance receivables.
Information regarding impaired finance receivables is as follows:
 
January 31, 2013
 
October 31, 2012
(in millions)
Retail
Portfolio
 
Wholesale
Portfolio
 
Total
 
Retail
Portfolio
 
Wholesale
Portfolio
 
Total
Impaired finance receivables with specific loss reserves
$
13

 
$

 
$
13

 
$
14

 
$

 
$
14

Impaired finance receivables without specific loss reserves
1

 

 
1

 
1

 

 
1

Specific loss reserves on impaired finance receivables
8

 

 
8

 
9

 

 
9

Finance receivables on non-accrual status
9

 

 
9

 
10

 

 
10

For the impaired finance receivables in the retail portfolio as of January 31, 2013 and 2012, the average balances of those receivables were $14 million and $13 million during the three months ended January 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.
The Company uses the aging of its receivables as well as other inputs when assessing credit quality. The aging analysis for finance receivables is summarized as follows:
 
January 31, 2013
 
October 31, 2012
(in millions)
Retail
Portfolio
 
Wholesale
Portfolio
 
Total
 
Retail
Portfolio
 
Wholesale
Portfolio
 
Total
Current, and up to 30 days past due
$
828

 
$
1,104

 
$
1,932

 
$
965

 
$
1,126

 
$
2,091

30-90 days past due
72

 
3

 
75

 
72

 
1

 
73

Over 90 days past due
11

 
1

 
12

 
11

 
1

 
12

Total finance receivables
$
911

 
$
1,108

 
$
2,019

 
$
1,048

 
$
1,128

 
$
2,176

6. Inventories
The components of Inventories are as follows:
(in millions)
January 31,
2013
 
October 31,
2012
Finished products
$
829

 
$
833

Work in process
146

 
136

Raw materials
545

 
568

Total inventories
$
1,520

 
$
1,537

7. Debt
(in millions)
January 31, 2013
 
October 31,
2012
Manufacturing operations:
 
 
 
Senior Secured Term Loan Credit Facility, due 2014, net of unamortized discount of $8 and $9, respectively
$
990

 
$
991

8.25% Senior Notes, due 2021, net of unamortized discount of $27 and $28, respectively
873

 
872

3.0% Senior Subordinated Convertible Notes, due 2014, net of unamortized discount of $44 and $50, respectively
526

 
520

Debt of majority-owned dealerships
51

 
60

Financing arrangements and capital lease obligations
93

 
140

Loan Agreement related to 6.5% Tax Exempt Bonds, due 2040
225

 
225

Promissory Note
28

 
30

Other
68

 
67

Total manufacturing operations debt
2,854

 
2,905

Less: Current portion
125

 
172

Net long-term manufacturing operations debt
$
2,729

 
$
2,733


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Table of Contents
Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

(in millions)
January 31, 2013
 
October 31,
2012
Financial Services operations:
 
 
 
Asset-backed debt issued by consolidated SPEs, at fixed and variable rates, due serially through 2019
$
811

 
$
994

Bank revolvers, at fixed and variable rates, due dates from 2013 through 2019
726

 
763

Commercial paper, at variable rates, matured in 2013

 
31

Borrowings secured by operating and finance leases, at various rates, due serially through 2017
71

 
78

Total financial services operations debt
1,608

 
1,866

Less: Current portion
811

 
1,033

Net long-term financial services operations debt
$
797

 
$
833

Financial Services Operations
On February 14, 2013, NFC completed the sale of $200 million of two-year investor notes secured by assets of the wholesale note owner trust. Proceeds were used to reduce borrowings under the variable funding notes ("VFN") facility. In conjunction with this sale, and in accordance with the terms of the VFN facility, the maximum capacity of the VFN facility was reduced from $750 million to $500 million.
In December 2012, our Mexican financial services operation settled all of its commercial paper. The commercial paper program expired in February 2013.
8. Postretirement Benefits
Defined Benefit Plans
We provide postretirement benefits to a substantial portion of our employees and retirees. Costs associated with postretirement benefits include pension and postretirement health care expenses for employees, retirees, and surviving spouses and dependents. Generally, the pension plans are non-contributory. Our policy is to fund the pension plans in accordance with applicable U.S. and Canadian government regulations and to make additional contributions from time to time. For the three months ended January 31, 2013 and 2012, we contributed $27 million and $29 million, respectively, to our pension plans to meet regulatory funding requirements. We currently anticipate additional contributions of $139 million to our pension plans during the remainder of 2013.
We primarily fund other post-employment benefit ("OPEB") obligations, such as retiree medical, in accordance with a 1993 Settlement Agreement (the "1993 Settlement Agreement"), which requires us to fund a portion of the plans' annual service cost to a retiree benefit trust (the "Base Trust"). That 1993 Settlement Agreement resolved a class action lawsuit originally filed in 1992 regarding the restructuring of the Company's then applicable retiree health care and life insurance benefits. Contributions for the three months ended January 31, 2013 and 2012, as well as anticipated contributions for the remainder of 2013, are not material.
The Early Retiree Reinsurance Program ("ERRP") was created under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act ("PPACA") of 2010 to provide temporary financial assistance to health plan sponsors who provide retirement health coverage to pre-Medicare retirees. Under the terms of ERRP, no amounts were collected and deposited into the Base Trust in the three months ended January 31, 2013, compared to $3 million collected and deposited into the Base Trust in the three months ended January 31, 2012.

16

Table of Contents
Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

Components of Net Periodic Benefit Expense
Net postretirement benefits expense included in our Consolidated Statements of Operations is comprised of the following:
 
Three Months Ended January 31,
 
Pension
Benefits
 
Health and Life 
Insurance Benefits
(in millions)
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Service cost for benefits earned during the period
$
5

 
$
4

 
$
2

 
$
1

Interest on obligation
36

 
43

 
15

 
21

Amortization of cumulative loss
32

 
28

 
7

 
9

Amortization of prior service benefit

 

 
(1
)
 
(1
)
Contractual termination benefits

 

 

 
(2
)
Expected return on assets
(47
)
 
(48
)
 
(8
)
 
(9
)
Net postretirement benefits expense
$
26

 
$
27

 
$
15

 
$
19

Defined Contribution Plans and Other Contractual Arrangements
Our defined contribution plans cover a substantial portion of domestic salaried employees and certain domestic represented employees. The defined contribution plans contain a 401(k) feature and provide most participants with a matching contribution from the Company. Effective February 1, 2013, the Company changed the timing for depositing the matching contributions to the end of the calendar year. Many participants covered by the plans receive annual Company contributions to their retirement accounts based on an age-weighted percentage of the participant's eligible compensation for the calendar year. Defined contribution expense pursuant to these plans was $7 million and $10 million in the three months ended January 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.
In accordance with the 1993 Settlement Agreement, an independent Retiree Supplemental Benefit Trust (the "Supplemental Trust") was established. The Supplemental Trust, and the benefits it provides to certain retirees, is not part of the Company's consolidated financial statements. The assets of the Supplemental Trust arise from three sources: (i) the Company's 1993 contribution to the Supplemental Trust of 25.5 million shares of our Class B common stock, which were subsequently sold by the Supplemental Trust prior to 2000, (ii) contingent profit-sharing contributions made by the Company, and (iii) net investment gains on the Supplemental Trust's assets, if any.
The Company's contingent profit sharing obligations will continue until certain funding targets defined by the 1993 Settlement Agreement are met ("Profit Sharing Cessation"). Upon Profit Sharing Cessation, the Company would assume responsibility for (i) establishing the investment policy for the Supplemental Trust, (ii) approving or disapproving of certain additional supplemental benefits to the extent such benefits would result in higher expenditures than those contemplated upon the Profit Sharing Cessation, and (iii) making additional contributions to the Supplemental Trust as necessary to make up for investment and/or actuarial losses. We have recorded no profit sharing accruals based on our estimate of 2013 results.
9. Income Taxes
We compute on a quarterly basis an estimated annual effective tax rate considering ordinary income and related income tax expense. U.S. results in 2013, as well as certain foreign results in both 2013 and 2012, are excluded from ordinary income due to ordinary losses for which no benefit can be recognized. Ordinary income refers to income (loss) before income tax expense excluding significant unusual or infrequently occurring items. The tax effect of a significant unusual or infrequently occurring item is recorded in the interim period in which it occurs. Items included in income tax expense in the periods in which they occur include the tax effects of material restructurings and impairments, cumulative effect of changes in tax laws or rates, foreign exchange gains and losses, adjustments to uncertain tax positions, and adjustments to our valuation allowance due to changes in judgment regarding the ability to realize deferred tax assets in future years.
We evaluated the need to maintain a valuation allowance for deferred tax assets based on our assessment of whether it is more likely than not that deferred tax benefits will be realized through the generation of future taxable income. Appropriate consideration is given to all available evidence, both positive and negative, in assessing the need for a valuation allowance. We continue to maintain a valuation allowance on our U.S. deferred tax assets, as well as certain foreign deferred tax assets, that we believe, on a more-likely-than-not basis, will not be realized. For all remaining deferred tax assets, while we believe that it is more likely than not that they will be realized, we believe that it is reasonably possible that additional deferred tax asset valuation allowances could be required in the next twelve months.

17

Table of Contents
Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

We recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the consolidated financial statements from such a position are measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than fifty percent likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. As of January 31, 2013, the amount of liability for uncertain tax positions was $86 million. If the unrecognized tax benefits are recognized, $80 million would impact our effective tax rate. However, to the extent we continue to maintain a full valuation allowance against certain deferred tax assets, the effect may be in the form of an increase in the deferred tax asset related to our net operating loss carry forward, which would be offset by a full valuation allowance.
We recognize interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions as part of Income tax benefit (expense). For the three months ended January 31, 2013, the total interest and penalties related to our uncertain tax positions were $4 million. For the three months ended January 31, 2012, the interest and penalties related to our uncertain tax positions were $12 million, reflecting the ongoing resolution of audits in various jurisdictions.
We have open tax years back to 2001 with various significant taxing jurisdictions including the U.S., Canada, Mexico, and Brazil. In connection with the examination of tax returns, contingencies may arise that generally result from differing interpretations of applicable tax laws and regulations as they relate to the amount, timing, or inclusion of revenues or expenses in taxable income, or the sustainability of tax credits to reduce income taxes payable. We believe we have sufficient accruals for our contingent tax liabilities. Interim tax provisions include amounts considered sufficient to pay assessments that may result from examinations of prior year tax returns, although actual results may differ. While it is probable that the liability for unrecognized tax benefits may increase or decrease during the next twelve months, we do not expect any such change would have a material effect on our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.
10. Fair Value Measurements
For assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring and nonrecurring basis, a three-level hierarchy of measurements based upon observable and unobservable inputs is used to arrive at fair value. Observable inputs are developed based on market data obtained from independent sources, while unobservable inputs reflect our assumptions about valuation based on the best information available in the circumstances. Depending on the inputs, we classify each fair value measurement as follows:
Level 1—based upon quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets,
Level 2—based upon quoted prices for similar instruments, prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active, or model-derived valuations, all of whose significant inputs are observable, and
Level 3—based upon one or more significant unobservable inputs.
The following section describes key inputs and assumptions in our valuation methodologies:
Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash Equivalents—We classify highly liquid investments, with an original maturity of 90 days or less, including U.S. Treasury bills, federal agency securities, and commercial paper, as cash equivalents. The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash approximate fair value because of the short-term maturity and highly liquid nature of these instruments.
Marketable Securities—Our marketable securities portfolios are classified as available-for-sale and primarily include investments in U.S. government securities and commercial paper with a maturity of greater than 90 days from the date of purchase. We use quoted prices from active markets to determine fair value.
Derivative Assets and Liabilities—We measure the fair value of derivatives assuming that the unit of account is an individual derivative transaction and that each derivative could be sold or transferred on a stand-alone basis. We classify within Level 2 our derivatives that are traded over-the-counter and valued using internal models based on observable market inputs. In certain cases, market data is not available and we estimate inputs such as in situations where trading in a particular commodity is not active. Measurements based upon these unobservable inputs are classified within Level 3. For more information regarding derivatives, see Note 11, Financial Instruments and Commodity Contracts.
Guarantees—We provide certain guarantees of payments and residual values to specific counterparties. Fair value of these guarantees is based upon internally developed models that utilize current market-based assumptions and historical data. We classify these liabilities within Level 3. For more information regarding guarantees, see Note 12, Commitments and Contingencies.

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Table of Contents
Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

The following tables present the financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
 
January 31, 2013
(in millions)
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Marketable securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Treasury bills
$
719

 
$

 
$

 
$
719

Other
52

 

 

 
52

Derivative financial instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency contracts

 
2

 

 
2

Total assets
$
771

 
$
2

 
$

 
$
773

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative financial instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commodity contracts
$

 
$
3

 
$

 
$
3

Foreign currency contracts

 
1

 

 
1

Guarantees

 

 
7

 
7

Total liabilities
$

 
$
4

 
$
7

 
$
11

 
October 31, 2012
(in millions)
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Marketable securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Treasury bills
$
420

 
$

 
$

 
$
420

Other
46

 

 

 
46

Total assets
$
466

 
$

 
$

 
$
466

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative financial instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commodity contracts
$

 
$
4

 
$

 
$
4

Guarantees

 

 
7

 
7

Total liabilities
$

 
$
4

 
$
7

 
$
11

The following tables present the changes for those financial instruments classified within Level 3 of the valuation hierarchy:
 
Three Months Ended January 31,
 
2013
 
2012
(in millions)
Guarantees
 
Commodity contracts
 
Guarantees
 
Commodity contracts
Balance at November 1
$
(7
)
 
$

 
$
(6
)
 
$
(2
)
Total losses (realized/unrealized) included in earnings (A)

 

 

 
(1
)
Transfers out of Level 3

 

 

 
2

Issuances

 

 
(1
)
 

Settlements

 

 

 
1

Balance at January 31
$
(7
)
 
$

 
$
(7
)
 
$

Total losses (realized/unrealized) included in earnings
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

_____________
(A)
For commodity contracts, losses are included in Cost of products sold.

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Table of Contents
Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

The following table presents these financial instruments measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis:
 
Level 2
(in millions)
January 31, 2013
 
October 31, 2012
Finance receivables (A)
$
5

 
$
5

_____________
(A)
Certain impaired finance receivables are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis. An impairment charge is recorded for the amount by which the carrying value of the receivables exceeds the fair value of the underlying collateral, net of remarketing costs. As of January 31, 2013, impaired receivables with a carrying amount of $13 million had specific loss reserves of $8 million and a fair value of $5 million. As of October 31, 2012, impaired receivables with a carrying amount of $14 million had specific loss reserves of $9 million and a fair value of $5 million. Fair values of the underlying collateral are determined by reference to dealer vehicle value publications adjusted for certain market factors.
In addition to the methods and assumptions we use for the financial instruments recorded at fair value as discussed above, we use the following methods and assumptions to estimate the fair value for our other financial instruments that are not marked to market on a recurring basis. The carrying amounts of Cash and cash equivalents, Restricted cash, and Accounts payable approximate fair values because of the short-term maturity and highly liquid nature of these instruments. Finance receivables generally consist of retail and wholesale accounts and retail and wholesale notes. The carrying amounts of Trade and other receivables and retail and wholesale accounts approximate fair values as a result of the short-term nature of the receivables. The carrying amounts of wholesale notes approximate fair values as a result of the short-term nature of the wholesale notes and their variable interest rate terms. The fair values of these financial instruments are classified as Level 1. Due to the nature of the aforementioned financial instruments, they have been excluded from the fair value amounts presented in the table below.
The fair values of our retail notes are estimated by discounting expected cash flows at estimated current market rates. The fair values of our retail notes are classified as Level 3 financial instruments.
The fair values of our debt instruments classified as Level 1 were determined using quoted market prices. Our Loan Agreement underlying the Tax Exempt Bonds is traded, but is illiquid, and as a result, is classified as Level 2. The fair values of our Level 3 debt instruments are generally determined using internally developed valuation techniques such as discounted cash flow modeling. Inputs such as discount rates and credit spreads reflect our estimates of assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the instrument and may be unobservable.
The carrying values and estimated fair values of financial instruments are summarized in the tables below:
 
January 31, 2013
 
Estimated Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
(in millions)
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Retail notes
$

 
$

 
$
526

 
$
526

 
$
534

Notes receivable

 

 
21

 
21

 
22

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Manufacturing operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Senior Secured Term Loan Credit Facility, due 2014

 

 
1,074

 
1,074

 
990

8.25% Senior Notes, due 2021
897

 

 

 
897

 
873

3.0% Senior Subordinated Convertible Notes, due 2014(A)
560

 

 

 
560

 
526

Debt of majority-owned dealerships

 

 
51

 
51

 
51

Financing arrangements

 

 
57

 
57

 
89

Loan Agreement related to 6.5% Tax Exempt Bonds, due 2040

 
249

 

 
249

 
225

Promissory Note

 

 
27

 
27

 
28

Other

 

 
67

 
67

 
68

Financial Services operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Asset-backed debt issued by consolidated SPEs, at various rates, due serially through 2019

 

 
816

 
816

 
811

Bank revolvers, at fixed and variable rates, due dates from 2013 through 2019

 

 
705

 
705

 
726

Borrowings secured by operating and finance leases, at various rates, due serially through 2017

 

 
71

 
71

 
71


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Table of Contents
Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

 
October 31, 2012
 
Estimated Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
(in millions)
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Retail notes
$

 
$

 
$
613

 
$
613

 
$
618

Notes receivable

 

 
27

 
27

 
27

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Manufacturing operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
       Senior Secured Term Loan Credit Facility, due 2014

 

 
1,047

 
1,047

 
991

8.25% Senior Notes, due 2021
899

 

 

 
899

 
872

3.0% Senior Subordinated Convertible Notes, due 2014(A)
514

 

 

 
514

 
520

Debt of majority-owned dealerships

 

 
60

 
60

 
60

Financing arrangements

 

 
102

 
102

 
136

Loan Agreement related to 6.5% Tax Exempt Bonds, due 2040

 
234

 

 
234

 
225

Promissory Note

 

 
29

 
29

 
30

Other

 

 
67

 
67

 
67

Financial Services operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Asset-backed debt issued by consolidated SPEs, at various rates, due serially through 2019

 

 
994

 
994

 
994

Bank revolvers, at fixed and variable rates, due dates from 2013 through 2019

 

 
734

 
734

 
763

Commercial paper, at variable rates, matured in 2013
31

 

 

 
31

 
31

Borrowings secured by operating and finance leases, at various rates, due serially through 2017

 

 
79

 
79

 
78

_________________________
(A)
The carrying value represents the consolidated financial statement amount of the debt which excludes the allocation of the conversion feature to equity, while the fair value is based on quoted market prices for the convertible note which includes the equity feature.
11. Financial Instruments and Commodity Contracts
Derivative Financial Instruments
We use derivative financial instruments as part of our overall interest rate, foreign currency, and commodity risk management strategies to reduce our interest rate exposure, reduce exchange rate risk for transactional exposures denominated in currencies other than the functional currency, and minimize the effect of commodity price volatility. From time to time, we use foreign currency forward and option contracts to manage the risk of exchange rate movements that would affect the value of our foreign currency cash flows. Foreign currency exchange rate movements create a degree of risk by affecting the value of sales made and costs incurred in currencies other than the functional currency. From time to time, we also use commodity forward contracts to manage our exposure to variability in certain commodity prices. In connection with the sale of our 3.0% Senior Subordinated Convertible Notes due 2014 (the "Convertible Notes"), we purchased call options for $125 million. The call options are intended to minimize share dilution associated with the Convertible Notes. As the call options and warrants are indexed to our common stock, we recognized them in permanent equity in Additional paid in capital, and will not recognize subsequent changes in fair value as long as the instruments remain classified as equity.
We generally do not enter into derivative financial instruments for speculative or trading purposes and did not during the three months ended January 31, 2013 and 2012. None of our derivatives qualified for hedge accounting treatment during the three months ended January 31, 2013 or 2012.
Certain of our derivative contracts contain provisions that require us to provide collateral if certain thresholds are exceeded. No collateral was provided at January 31, 2013 and $1 million was provided as collateral at October 31, 2012. Collateral is generally not required to be provided by our counter-parties for derivative contracts. We manage exposure to counter-party credit risk by entering into derivative financial instruments with various major financial institutions that can be expected to fully perform under the terms of such instruments. We do not anticipate nonperformance by any of the counter-parties. Our exposure to credit risk in the event of nonperformance by the counter-parties is limited to those assets that have been recorded, but have not yet been received in cash. At January 31, 2013 and October 31, 2012, our exposure to the credit risk of others was $2 million and zero, respectively.

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Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

Our financial services operations may use interest rate swaps or interest rate caps from time to time to manage exposure to fluctuations in interest rates by limiting the amount of fixed rate finance receivables that are funded with variable rate debt. The Mexican financial services operation uses cross currency swaps to limit exposure to fluctuations in the value of the peso, as required under Mexican bank credit facilities.
The fair values of all derivatives are recorded as assets or liabilities on a gross basis in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. The fair values of our derivatives and their respective balance sheet locations are presented in the following tables:
 
January 31, 2013
 
Asset Derivatives
 
Liability Derivatives
(in millions)
Location in
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
Fair Value
 
Location in
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
Fair Value
Commodity contracts
Other current assets
 
$

 
Other current liabilities
 
$
3

Foreign currency contracts
Other current assets
 
2

 
Other current liabilities
 
1

Total fair value
 
$
2

 
 
 
$
4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
October 31, 2012
 
Asset Derivatives
 
Liability Derivatives
(in millions)
Location in
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
Fair Value
 
Location in
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
Fair Value
Commodity contracts
Other current assets
 
$

 
Other current liabilities
 
$
3

Commodity contracts
Other noncurrent assets
 

 
Other noncurrent liabilities
 
2

Total fair value
 
$

 
 
 
$
5

The location and amount of loss (gain) recognized in income on derivatives are as follows:
 
Location in Consolidated 
Statements of Operations
 
Three Months Ended January 31,
(in millions)
2013
 
2012
Cross currency swaps
Other expense (income), net
 
$

 
$
1

Foreign currency contracts
Other expense (income), net
 
1

 
(4
)
Commodity forward contracts
Costs of products sold
 

 
(1
)
Total loss (gain)
 
$
1

 
$
(4
)
Foreign Currency Contracts
During 2013 and 2012, we entered into foreign exchange forward and option contracts as economic hedges of anticipated cash flows denominated in Canadian dollars, Brazilian reais, South African rand and Euros. As of January 31, 2013, we had outstanding option collars with notional amounts of €14 million Euros with maturity dates ranging from January 2013 through April 2013, outstanding forward exchange contracts with notional amounts of C$50 million Canadian dollars and option contracts with notional amounts of C$50 million Canadian dollars with maturities at October 31, 2013. We also had outstanding option collars with notional amounts of R$51 million and R$58 million Brazilian reais with maturities at October 31, 2013. As of October 31, 2012, we had outstanding option collars with notional amounts of €25 million Euros. All of these contracts were entered into to protect against the risk that the eventual cash flows resulting from certain transactions will be affected by changes in exchange rates between the U.S. dollar and the respective foreign currency.
Commodity Forward Contracts
During 2013 and 2012, we entered into commodity forward contracts as economic hedges of our exposure to variability in commodity prices for diesel fuel and steel. As of January 31, 2013, we had outstanding diesel fuel contracts with aggregate notional values of $3 million and outstanding steel contracts with aggregate notional values of $38 million. The commodity forward contracts have maturity dates ranging from January 2013 to December 2013. As of October 31, 2012, we had outstanding diesel fuel contracts with aggregate notional values of $3 million and outstanding steel contracts with aggregate notional values of $61 million. All of these contracts were entered into to protect against the risk that the eventual cash flows related to purchases of the commodities will be affected by changes in prices.

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Table of Contents
Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

Interest-Rate Contracts
From time to time, we enter into various interest-rate contracts, including interest-rate swaps, interest rate caps, and cross currency swaps. Interest-rate swaps involve the exchange of floating rate for fixed rate interest payments based on the contractual notional amounts in a single currency. As of January 31, 2013 and October 31, 2012, there were no interest rate swaps or caps outstanding. Cross currency swaps involve the exchange of notional amounts and interest payments in different currencies. As of January 31, 2013 and October 31, 2012, the notional amount of our outstanding cross currency swaps was $10 million and $39 million, respectively. We are exposed to interest rate and exchange rate risk as a result of our borrowing activities. The objective of these contracts is to mitigate fluctuations in earnings, cash flows, and fair value of borrowings.
12. Commitments and Contingencies
Guarantees
We occasionally provide guarantees that could obligate us to make future payments if the primary entity fails to perform under its contractual obligations. We have recognized liabilities for some of these guarantees in our Consolidated Balance Sheets as they meet the recognition and measurement provisions of U.S. GAAP. In addition to the liabilities that have been recognized, we are contingently liable for other potential losses under various guarantees. We do not believe that claims that may be made under such guarantees would have a material effect on our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.
In March 2010, we entered into a three-year operating agreement (with one-year automatic extensions and subject to early termination provisions) with GE Capital Corporation and GE Capital Commercial, Inc. (collectively "GE") (the "GE Operating Agreement"). Under the terms of the GE Operating Agreement, GE became our preferred source of retail customer financing for equipment offered by us and our dealers in the U.S. We provide GE a loss sharing arrangement for certain credit losses. The primary features of the loss sharing arrangement include us reimbursing GE for credit losses in excess of the first 10% of the original value of a financed contract. The Company’s exposure to loss is mitigated since receivables financed under the GE Operating Agreement are secured by the financed equipment. We do not carry the receivables financed under the GE Operating Agreement on our Consolidated Balance Sheets. There were $1.3 billion and $1.2 billion of outstanding finance receivables as of January 31, 2013 and October 31, 2012, respectively, financed through the GE Operating Agreement and subject to the loss sharing arrangement. The related originations of these outstanding finance receivables were $1.7 billion and $1.6 billion as of January 31, 2013 and October 31, 2012, respectively.
Based on our historic experience of losses on similar finance receivables and GE’s first loss position, we do not believe our share of losses related to balances currently outstanding will be material. Historically, our losses, representing the entire loss amount, on similar finance receivables, measured as a percentage of the average balance of the related finance receivable, ranged from 0.3% to 2.1%. While under limited circumstances NFC retains the rights to originate retail customer financing, we expect retail finance receivables and retail finance revenues will continue to decline as our retail portfolio pays down.
For certain independent dealers’ wholesale inventory financed by third-party banks or finance companies, we provide limited repurchase agreements to the respective financing institution. The amount of losses related to these arrangements has not been material to our Consolidated Statements of Operations or Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows and the value of the guarantees and accruals recorded are not material to our Consolidated Balance Sheets.
We also have issued limited residual value guarantees in connection with various leases primarily financed by our financial services operations. The amounts of the guarantees are estimated and recorded. Our guarantees are contingent upon the fair value of the leased assets at the end of the lease term. The amount of losses related to these arrangements has not been material to our Consolidated Statements of Operations or Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows and the value of the guarantees and accruals recorded are not material to our Consolidated Balance Sheets.
We obtain certain stand-by letters of credit and surety bonds from third-party financial institutions in the ordinary course of business when required under contracts or to satisfy insurance-related requirements. The amount of available stand-by letters of credit and surety bonds was $63 million at January 31, 2013.
We extend credit commitments to certain truck fleet customers, which allow them to purchase parts and services from participating dealers. The participating dealers receive accelerated payments from us with the result that we carry the receivables and absorb the credit risk related to these customers. At January 31, 2013, we have $37 million of unused credit commitments outstanding under this program.
In addition, as of January 31, 2013, we have entered into various purchase commitments of $69 million and contracts that have cancellation fees of $47 million with various expiration dates through 2019.

23

Table of Contents
Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

In the ordinary course of business, we also provide routine indemnifications and other guarantees, the terms of which range in duration and often are not explicitly defined. We do not believe these will result in claims that would have a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.
The terms of the Ford/Navistar Settlement Agreement of January 9, 2009 (as defined and described below) require us to indemnify Ford with respect to intellectual property infringement claims, if any, that are brought against Ford or others that use the 6.0 liter or 6.4 liter engines on behalf of Ford. The maximum amount of future payments that we could potentially be required to pay under the indemnification would depend on the magnitude of potential infringement claims and the associated damages and cannot currently be determined. For more information, see Kruse vs. Ford, below.
Environmental Liabilities
We have been named a potentially responsible party ("PRP"), in conjunction with other parties, in a number of cases arising under an environmental protection law, the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, popularly known as the "Superfund" law. These cases involve sites that allegedly received wastes from current or former Company locations. Based on information available to us which, in most cases, consists of data related to quantities and characteristics of material generated at current or former Company locations, material allegedly shipped by us to these disposal sites, as well as cost estimates from PRPs and/or federal or state regulatory agencies for the cleanup of these sites, a reasonable estimate is calculated of our share of the probable costs, if any, and accruals are recorded in our consolidated financial statements. These accruals are generally recognized no later than upon completion of the remedial feasibility study and are not discounted to their present value. We review all accruals on a regular basis and believe that, based on these calculations, our share of the potential additional costs for the cleanup of each site will not have a material effect on our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.
Three sites formerly owned by us; (i) Solar Turbines in San Diego, California, (ii) the Canton Plant in Canton, Illinois, and (iii) Wisconsin Steel in Chicago, Illinois; were identified as having soil and groundwater contamination. Two sites in Sao Paulo, Brazil, where we are currently operating, were identified as having soil and groundwater contamination. While investigations and cleanup activities continue at these and other sites, we believe that we have adequate accruals to cover costs to complete the cleanup of all sites.
We have accrued $22 million for these and other environmental matters, which are included within Other current liabilities and Other noncurrent liabilities, as of January 31, 2013. The majority of these accrued liabilities are expected to be paid subsequent to 2013.
Along with other vehicle manufacturers, we have been subject to an increased number of asbestos-related claims in recent years. In general, these claims relate to illnesses alleged to have resulted from asbestos exposure from component parts found in older vehicles, although some cases relate to the alleged presence of asbestos in our facilities. In these claims, we are generally not the sole defendant, and the claims name as defendants numerous manufacturers and suppliers of a wide variety of products allegedly containing asbestos. We have strongly disputed these claims, and it has been our policy to defend against them vigorously. Historically, the actual damages paid out to claimants have not been material in any year to our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows. It is possible that the number of these claims will continue to grow, and that the costs for resolving asbestos related claims could become significant in the future.
Legal Proceedings
Overview
We are subject to various claims arising in the ordinary course of business, and are party to various legal proceedings that constitute ordinary, routine litigation incidental to our business. The majority of these claims and proceedings relate to commercial, product liability, and warranty matters. In addition, from time to time we are subject to various claims and legal proceedings related to employee compensation, benefits, and benefits administration including, but not limited to, compliance with the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended, and Department of Labor requirements. In our opinion, apart from the actions set forth below, the disposition of these proceedings and claims, after taking into account recorded accruals and the availability and limits of our insurance coverage, will not have a material adverse effect on our business or our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.
Retiree Health Care Litigation
In April 2010, the UAW and others ("Plaintiffs") filed a "Motion of Plaintiffs Art Shy, UAW, et al for an Injunction to Compel Compliance with the 1993 Settlement Agreement" (the "Shy Motion") in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of

24

Table of Contents
Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

Ohio (the "Court") relating to a 1993 settlement agreement concerning postretirement healthcare obligations (the "1993 Settlement Agreement"). The Shy Motion sought to enjoin the Company from implementing an administrative change relating to prescription drug benefits under a healthcare plan for Medicare-eligible retirees (the "Part D Change"). Specifically, Plaintiffs claimed that the Part D Change violated the terms of the 1993 Settlement Agreement previously approved by the Court. That 1993 Settlement Agreement resolved a class action originally filed in 1992 regarding the restructuring of the Company's then applicable retiree health care and life insurance benefits. In May 2010, the Company filed its Opposition to the Shy Motion.
The Part D Change was effective July 1, 2010, and made the Company's prescription drug coverage for post-age 65 retirees ("Plan 2 Retirees") supplemental to the coverage provided by Medicare. Plan 2 retirees paid the premiums for Medicare Part D drug coverage under the Part D Change.
In February 2011, the Court ruled on the Shy Motion (the "February 2011 Order"). The February 2011 Order sustained the Plaintiffs' argument that the Company did not have authority to unilaterally substitute Medicare Part D for the prescription drug benefit that Plaintiffs had been receiving under the 1993 Settlement Agreement. However, the February 2011 Order denied as moot Plaintiffs' request for injunctive relief to prevent the Company from implementing the Part D Change, because the change already had gone into effect. In February 2011, the Company filed a notice of appeal with the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit (the "Appellate Court") concerning the February 2011 Order.
In September 2011, the Court issued an order directing the Company to reinstate the prescription drug benefit that was in effect before the Company unilaterally substituted Medicare Part D for the prior prescription drug benefit (the "September 2011 Order"). The September 2011 Order also requires the Company to reimburse Plan 2 Retirees for any Medicare Part D premiums they have paid since the Part D Change and the extra cost, if any, for the retirees' prescriptions under the Part D Change. In October 2011, the Company filed a notice of appeal with the Appellate Court concerning the September 2011 Order. The Appellate Court consolidated the Company's appeal of the February 2011 Order and the September 2011 Order, and in December 2012, the Appellate Court denied the Company's appeal, affirming the February 2011 and September 2011 Orders.
FATMA Notice
International Indústria de Motores da América do Sul Ltda. ("IIAA"), formerly known as Maxion International Motores S/A ("Maxion"), now a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, received a notice in July 2010 from the State of Santa Catarina Environmental Protection Agency ("FATMA") in Brazil. The notice alleged that Maxion had sent wastes to a facility owned and operated by a company known as Natureza and that soil and groundwater contamination had occurred at the Natureza facility. The notice asserted liability against Maxion and assessed an initial penalty in the amount of R$2 million (the equivalent of approximately US$1 million at January 31, 2013), which is not due and final until all administrative appeals are exhausted. Maxion was one of numerous companies that received similar notices. IIAA filed an administrative defense in August 2010 and has not yet received a decision following that appearance. IIAA disputes the allegations in the notice and intends to vigorously defend itself.
Kruse vs. Ford
We have been made aware of the Kruse Technology Partnership ("Kruse") vs. Ford lawsuit (the "Kruse Case") filed against Ford regarding a potential patent infringement of three patents in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California. An amended complaint against Ford was filed by Kruse in August 2010. The amended complaint alleges that Ford has infringed the patents by sale or use of engines, such as the Power Stroke diesel engines. Navistar formerly supplied Power Stroke diesel engines to Ford, although today Ford manufactures its own Power Stroke engines. In the Ford/Navistar Settlement Agreement of January 9, 2009, Navistar agreed to indemnify Ford for claims of infringement based upon Ford's manufacture, sale, or use of the 6.0 and 6.4 liter Power Stroke engines sold by Navistar to Ford. Ford has not requested Navistar to defend Ford at this time. The judge assigned to the Kruse Case has stayed the case pending resolution of a similar suit against Daimler Chrysler, Detroit Diesel, Freightliner, Western Star, Volkswagen, Cummins, and Chrysler Group. In November 2011, Kruse disclaimed all the claims in one of the patents (U.S. Patent 6,405,704), which effectively terminates the patent rights for this patent. The U.S. Patent Office ended the first re-examinations on the two remaining patents (U.S. Patent 6,058,904 and U.S. Patent 5,265,562), and ruled that these will be in force with all claims intact. The U.S. Patent Office agreed to commence a new re-examination of U.S. Patent 6,058,904 in April 2012 and U.S. Patent 5,265,562 in May 2012 as a result of third-party requests based upon substantial new questions of patentability. In July 2012, the U.S. Patent Office issued a Notice of Intent to allow all the claims in the two remaining Kruse patents, hence ending the second round of re-examination. Both patents expired on July 27, 2012. However, Kruse could still sue for any infringement prior to that date.

25

Table of Contents
Navistar International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

Based on our assessment of the facts underlying the claims in the above action, we are unable to provide meaningful quantification of how the final resolution of these claims may impact our future consolidated financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.
Lis Franco de Toledo, et. al. vs. Syntex do Brasil and IIAA
In 1973, Syntex do Brasil Industria e Comercio Ltda. ("Syntex"), a predecessor of International Indústria de Motores da América do Sul Ltda. ("IIAA"), our Brazilian engine manufacturing subsidiary formerly known as MWM International Industria de Motores da America do Sul Ltda ("MWM"), filed a lawsuit in Brazilian court against Dr. Lis Franco de Toledo and others (collectively, "Lis Franco"). Syntex claimed Lis Franco had improperly terminated a contract which provided for the transfer from Lis Franco to Syntex of a patent for the production of a certain vaccine. Lis Franco filed a counterclaim alleging that he was entitled to royalties under the contract. In 1975, the Brazilian court ruled in favor of Lis Franco, a decision which was affirmed on appeal in 1976. In 1984, while the case was still pending, Syntex’ owner, Syntex Comercio e Participacoes Ltds ("Syntex Parent") sold the stock of Syntex to MWM, and in connection with that sale Syntex Parent agreed to indemnify and hold harmless MWM for any and all liabilities of Syntex, including its prior pharmaceutical operations (which had been previously spun-off to another subsidiary wholly-owned by the Syntex Parent) and any payments that might be payable under the Lis Franco lawsuit. In the mid to late 1990s, Syntex Parent was merged with an entity known as Wyeth Industria Farmaceutica LTDA ("Wyeth").
In 1999, Lis Franco amended its pleadings to add MWM to the lawsuit as a defendant. In 2000, Wyeth acknowledged to the Brazilian court its sole responsibility for amounts due in the Lis Franco lawsuit and MWM asked the court to be dismissed from that action. The judge denied that request. MWM appealed and lost.
In his pleadings, Lis Franco alleged that the royalties payable to him were approximately R$42 million. MWM believed the appropriate amount payable was approximately R$16 million. In December 2009, the court appointed expert responsible for the preparation of the royalty calculation filed a report with the court indicating royalty damages of approximately R$70 million. MWM challenged the expert’s calculation. In August 2010, the court asked the parties to consider the appointment of a new expert. MWM agreed with this request but Lis Franco objected and, in September 2010, the court accepted and ratified the expert’s calculation as of May 2010 in the amount of R$74 million and entered judgment against MWM.
In September 2010, MWM filed a motion for clarification of the decision which would suspend its enforcement. The Brazilian court denied this motion and MWM appealed the matter to the Rio de Janeiro State Court of Appeals (the "Court of Appeals"). In January 2011, the Court of Appeals granted the appeal and issued an injunction suspending the lower Court’s decision and judgment in favor of Lis Franco. In January 2011, MWM merged into IIAA and is now known as IIAA. An expert appointed by the Court of Appeals submitted his calculation report on October 24, 2011, and determined the amount to be R$10.85 million. The parties submitted comments to such report in December 2011, the expert replied to these comments and ratified his previous report in May 2012, and the parties again submitted comments to the expert's reply. The expert reviewed these comments and submitted a complementary report in December 2012 which determined the amount to be R$22 million (the equivalent of approximately US$11 million at January 31, 2013). The parties submitted comments to the complementary report in January 2013 and the Court of Appeals is now reviewing the expert’s complementary report and the parties' comments to that report.
In parallel, in May 2010, MWM filed a lawsuit in Sao Paulo, Brazil, against Wyeth seeking recognition that Wyeth is liable for any and all liabilities, costs, expenses, and payments related to the Lis Franco lawsuit. In September 2012, the Sao Paulo court ruled in favor of MWM and ordered Wyeth to pay, directly to the Estate of Lis Franco de Toledo and others and jointly with MWM, the amounts of the condemnation, to be determined at the end of the liquidation proceeding. The Sao Paulo court also ordered Wyeth to reimburse MWM for all expenses, including court costs and attorney fees associated with the case. The parties were notified of the decision in October 2012, to which MWM and Wyeth filed motions for clarification of certain issues, and in December 2012, the Sao Paulo court rejected both motions.
Deloitte & Touche LLP
In April 2011, the Company filed a complaint against Deloitte and Touche LLP ("Deloitte") in the Circuit Court of Cook County, Illinois County Department, Law Division ("Illinois Circuit Court") for fraud, fraudulent concealment, negligent misrepresentation, violation of the Illinois Consumer Fraud and Deceptive Business Practices Act, professional malpractice, negligence, breach of contract, and breach of fiduciary duty (the "Deloitte Case"). The matters giving rise to the allegations contained in the complaint arise from Deloitte's service as the Company's independent auditor prior to April 2006 and the Company is seeking monetary damages against Deloitte. In May 2011, Deloitte filed a Notice of Removal to remove the case to the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. In June 2011, the Company filed in the federal court a

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motion to remand the case to Illinois Circuit Court. In July 2011, Deloitte filed a motion to dismiss the Company's complaint and in August 2011, the Company responded to Deloitte's motion to dismiss. In October 2011, the court remanded the case back to the Illinois Circuit Court and denied the motion to dismiss as moot. The Company amended its complaint in January 2012 in Illinois Circuit Court. In February 2012, Deloitte moved to dismiss the Company's amended complaint. In July 2012, the Illinois Circuit Court granted in part and denied in part Deloitte's motion to dismiss. Specifically, the Illinois Circuit Court dismissed without prejudice with leave to re-plead the Company's counts for fraud, fraudulent concealment and breach of fiduciary duty and otherwise denied Deloitte's motion with respect to the remaining causes of action. In December 2012, the parties reached a settlement. As a result of this settlement, in the three months ended January 31, 2013, the Company received cash proceeds of $35 million, which was recorded as a gain to Other expense (income), net, in the Company's Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Westbrook vs. Navistar. et. al.
In April 2011, a False Claims Act qui tam complaint against Navistar, Inc., Navistar Defense, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company ("Navistar Defense"), and unrelated third parties was unsealed by the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas. The complaint was initially filed under seal in August 2010 by a qui tam relator on behalf of the federal government. The complaint alleged violations of the False Claims Act based on allegations that parts of vehicles delivered by Navistar Defense were not painted according to the contract specification, and improper activities in dealing with one of the vendors who painted certain of the vehicle parts. The complaint seeks monetary damages and civil penalties on behalf of the federal government, as well as costs and expenses. The U.S. government notified the Court that it has declined to intervene at this time. Navistar, Inc. was served with the complaint in July 2011, and a scheduling order and a revised scheduling order have been entered by the Court. In December 2011, the Court granted a motion by Navistar, Inc. and Navistar Defense, along with the other named defendants to judicially estop the relator and his affiliated company from participating in any recovery from the action, and to substitute his bankruptcy trustee as the only person with standing to pursue the relator's claims. In March 2012, the Court granted motions by Navistar, Inc., Navistar Defense, and the other named defendants to dismiss the complaint. The dismissal was without prejudice and the relator filed an amended complaint in April 2012. In May 2012, Navistar, Inc., Navistar Defense, and the other named defendants filed motions to dismiss the amended complaint. In addition, the parties jointly filed a motion to stay discovery pending resolution of the motions to dismiss. In July 2012, the court granted all of the defendants' motions to dismiss with prejudice, dismissing all of the claims except the claim against Navistar Defense for retaliation and the claim against Navistar, Inc. for retaliation, which was dismissed without prejudice. Plaintiff was granted leave to file an amended complaint including only the retaliation claims against Navistar Defense and Navistar, Inc. The relator did not file a retaliation claim against Navistar, Inc. and voluntarily dismissed without prejudice the retaliation claim against Navistar Defense. The relator also filed a motion for reconsideration of the dismissal of the False Claims Act claims against Navistar Defense which the court denied. The court issued final judgment dismissing the matter in July 2012. The relator filed a notice of appeal to the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals ("Fifth Circuit") in August 2012 as to the Final Judgment and the Motion for Reconsideration as to Navistar Defense only. Westbrook filed a separate notice of appeal to the Fifth Circuit in August 2012 as to several district court orders, including the December 2011 order holding the Trustee, not Westbrook, to be the proper party in the case. In December 2012, Navistar Defense's Motion to Dismiss Westbrook's appeal was denied "without prejudice to reconsideration by the oral argument panel" by the Fifth Circuit.
Based on our assessment of the facts underlying the claims in the above action, we are unable to provide meaningful quantification of how the final resolution of these claims may impact our future consolidated financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.
EPA Notice of Violation
In February 2012, Navistar, Inc. received a Notice of Violation ("NOV") from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA"). The NOV pertains to approximately 7,600 diesel engines which, according to EPA, were produced by Navistar, Inc. in 2010 and, therefore, should have met EPA's 2010 emissions standards. Navistar, Inc. previously provided information to EPA showing that the engines were in fact produced in 2009. The NOV contains EPA's conclusion that Navistar, Inc.'s alleged production of the engines in 2010 violated the Federal Clean Air Act. The NOV states that EPA reserves the right to file an administrative complaint or to refer this matter to the U.S. Department of Justice with a recommendation that a civil complaint be filed in federal district court. 
Based on our assessment of the facts underlying the NOV above, we are unable to provide meaningful quantification of how the final resolution of this matter may impact our future consolidated financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

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Other
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") Inquiry
On June 21, 2012, Navistar received an informal inquiry from the Chicago Office of the Enforcement Division of the SEC seeking a number of categories of documents for the periods dating back to November 1, 2010, relating to various accounting and disclosure issues. We are cooperating with the SEC's inquiry. On July 16, 2012, pursuant to a formal order of private investigation, we received a subpoena from the SEC requesting the same categories of documents sought via the informal inquiry. To date, we have produced certain documents and intend to continue our full cooperation with the SEC in this matter. At this time, we are unable to predict the outcome of this matter or provide meaningful quantification of how the final resolution of this matter may impact our future consolidated financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
Meeting U.S. Federal and State 2010 Emissions Standards Requirements
Truck and engine manufacturers continue to face significant governmental regulation of their products, especially in the areas of environment and safety. We have incurred, and will continue to incur, significant research, development, and tooling costs to design and produce our engine product lines to meet the EPA and California Air Resources Board ("CARB") on-highway heavy duty diesel ("HDD") emission standards that have reduced the allowable levels of nitrogen oxide ("NOx") to the current limit of 0.20g NOx and include the required on-board diagnostics ("OBD"). The regulations requiring OBD began the initial phase-in during 2010 for truck engines and are a part of our product plans.
We attempted to meet these emissions standards using Advanced Exhaust Gas Recirculation ("EGR") until July 2012, when we announced that we changed our engine emission strategy for our HDD engines from an EGR-only strategy to a strategy of combining our EGR technology with Selective Catalytic Reduction ("SCR") after-treatment systems. Both of these HDD engine strategies have resulted in and will continue to result in potential uncertainties related to our ability to meet these emission standards, and/or a significant increase in the cost of our products, and have several associated risks that we have set forth below. Any of the following risks relating to our HDD engine strategies could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, liquidity and capital resources, or cash flows. Although the following describes those scenarios which we can reasonably anticipate, we can offer no assurances that other outcomes will not occur or that the effects of the scenarios described will not be more severe than we currently anticipate.
Since 2010, certain of our HDD engine families met EPA and CARB certification requirements by using emission credits we earned by producing low-NOx engines earlier than was required by the EPA. In January 2012, the EPA promulgated the Interim Final Rule establishing non-conformance penalties ("NCPs") for HDD engines, and we began using NCPs for trucks using certain of our HDD engines in 2012. In June 2012, the D.C. Circuit Court ruled that the EPA did not follow the required rulemaking processes and issued an order vacating the Interim Final Rule. The Company, as an intervenor in that action, asked for a rehearing, and in August 2012, the D.C. Circuit Court denied that request. The Court's ruling became final on August 24, 2012. Following that decision, some of our competitors filed a lawsuit asking the D.C. Circuit Court to invalidate the emission certificates issued to us under the Interim Final Rule. The D.C. Circuit Court has not yet ruled on this matter, and we cannot assure you that the court will rule in our favor.
Also in January 2012, the EPA published a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for a final NCP rule (the "Final Rule"), which proposed to make NCPs available in model years 2012 and later for emissions of NOx above the 0.20g limit for both medium and heavy HDD engines. The EPA approved the Final Rule for heavy HDD engines on September 5, 2012, and indicated that it was still reviewing comments and data, and thus would not finalize NCPs at that time as to medium HDD engines, for which the Company has emissions credits expected to last into calendar year 2014. After approval of the Final Rule, the maximum NCP per heavy HDD engine was $3,775 for the remainder of 2012, and is subject to an upward annual adjustment in 2013, which has yet to be finalized. The Final Rule has been challenged by some of our competitors in the D.C. Circuit Court. The court has not yet ruled on this matter, and we cannot assure you the court will rule in our favor.
Currently, CARB, and the corresponding agencies of nine other states that have adopted California's emission standards, do not allow engine certification using NCPs. Therefore, we were selling engines and trucks in these ten states (the "10 CARB States") using the NOx emission credits previously described. In February 2013, our remaining emission credits for heavy HDD engines were consumed or allocated to received orders. Production utilizing those credits is scheduled throughout the remainder of calendar year 2013. We will not be able to sell any additional trucks with our heavy HDD 13L engines using NOx emission credits in the 10 CARB States until CARB certifies our SCR engines to the 0.20g NOx standard.
In the three months ended January 31, 2013, the Engine segment recorded charges totaling $10 million for NCPs for certain engine sales that did not otherwise comply with emissions standards.

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In October 2012, we announced a definitive agreement with Cummins under which Cummins Emission Solutions will supply its SCR after-treatment system for our 13L engines, as well as other light and medium HDD engines. As a part of our expanded relationship with Cummins, we are offering the Cummins 15L as a part of our North American on-highway truck line-up. We phased in the Cummins 15L engine in December 2012. We expect to phase in the high volume 13L SCR engines in April 2013. We anticipate phasing in our lower volume 13L SCR engines later in 2013 in stages. We anticipate product gaps in the 10 CARB States for certain of the lower volume 13L EGR engines prior to full introduction of our SCR engines, which we anticipate to be June 2013. The duration of the gaps will be dependent on a number of factors including but not limited to our ability to execute as planned, the availability of emissions credits and product mix.
In addition, we expect to achieve OBD certification for model year 2013 light and medium HDD engines in March 2013 for the highest volume of these engines, and as late as June 2013 for lower volume light HDD engines. Beginning in the first calendar quarter of 2013, we anticipate gaps in production of light and medium HDD engines as we work to achieve OBD certification. Our 13L SCR engines must also achieve OBD certification, and these engines face similar risks if they do not achieve OBD certification by their projected April 2013 phase-in.
13. Segment Reporting
The following is a description of our four reporting segments:
Our Truck segment manufactures and distributes a full line of Class 4 through 8 trucks, buses, and military vehicles under the International and IC Bus ("IC") brands. Our Truck segment also produces concrete mixers under the Continental Mixers brand. In an effort to strengthen and maintain our dealer network, this segment occasionally acquires and operates dealer locations for the purpose of transitioning ownership.
Our Engine segment designs and manufactures diesel engines for use globally, in Class 3 through 8 vehicles, as well as off-road applications. In North America, these engines primarily go into our Class 6 and 7 medium trucks and buses and Class 8 heavy trucks, and are sold to OEMs. In Brazil, our Engine segment produces diesel engines, primarily under contract manufacturing arrangements, as well as under the MWM brand, for sale to OEMs in South America. In all other areas of the world, including North America, engines are sold under the MaxxForce brand name. To control cost and technology, our Engine segment has expanded its operations to include Pure Power Technologies ("PPT"), a components company focused on air, fuel, and after-treatment systems to meet more stringent Euro and EPA emissions standards. Also included in the Engine segment are the operating results of BDP, which manages the sourcing, merchandising, and distribution of certain service parts we sell to Ford in North America.
Our Parts segment provides customers with proprietary products needed to support the International commercial and military truck, IC Bus, MaxxForce engine lines, as well as our other product lines. Our Parts segment also provides a wide selection of other standard truck, trailer, and engine aftermarket parts. At January 31, 2013, this segment operated eleven regional parts distribution centers that provide 24-hour availability and shipment.
Our Financial Services segment provides retail, wholesale, and lease financing of products sold by the Truck and Parts segments and their dealers within the U.S. and Mexico, as well as financing for wholesale accounts and selected retail accounts receivable.
Corporate contains those items that are not included in our four segments.
Potential Future Changes to Reporting Segments
Beginning in 2012, we renewed our focus on our primary markets, which are North American Class 4 through 8 trucks and buses, and realigned the Company around a more functionally-oriented structure in order to reduce overhead expenses and other costs. We implemented a new Return-on-Invested-Capital ("ROIC") methodology to assist with the evaluation of our portfolio of assets to validate their strategic and financial fit. We are using a ROIC decision framework to re-examine our individual businesses. This effort is ongoing, and may lead to divestitures of businesses or discontinuing engineering programs that are outside of our core operations or not performing to our expectations.
Additionally, we are also realigning our management structure around the functional expertise needed to execute our core North American strategy. We believe this realignment will result in better execution of our strategies, streamline the decision making process, create better alignment towards a common objective, and reduce our operating costs. In the near future, we expect to complete changes to our organizational and reporting structures that will reflect how our Chief Operating Decision Maker ("CODM") will begin to assess the performance of our operating segments and make decisions about resource allocations.

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