WHR.6.30.2013 - 10-Q



UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE
COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 ________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
  ________________________________________________________
x
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2013
OR
o
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission file number 1-3932
WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
38-1490038
(State of Incorporation)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
2000 North M-63,
Benton Harbor, Michigan
 
49022-2692
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (269) 923-5000
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.                        Yes  x    No   o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     Yes  x    No   o    
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12-b-2 of the Exchange Act.             
Large accelerated filer  x
 
Accelerated filer  o
Non-accelerated filer  o (Do not check if a smaller reporting  company)
 
Smaller reporting company  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  o    No   x
Number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:
Class of common stock
 
Shares outstanding at July 15, 2013
Common stock, par value $1 per share
 
79,269,458




QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2013
INDEX OF INFORMATION INCLUDED IN REPORT
 
 
 
 
 
 
Page
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.



FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 provides a safe harbor for forward-looking statements made by us or on our behalf. Certain statements contained in this quarterly report, including those within the forward-looking perspective section within this Management's Discussion and Analysis, and other written and oral statements made from time to time by us or on our behalf do not relate strictly to historical or current facts and may contain forward-looking statements that reflect our current views with respect to future events and financial performance. As such, they are considered “forward-looking statements” which provide current expectations or forecasts of future events. Such statements can be identified by the use of terminology such as “may,” “could,” “will,” “should,” “possible,” “plan,” “predict,” “forecast,” “potential,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “expect,” “project,” “intend,” “believe,” “may impact,” “on track,” and similar words or expressions. Our forward-looking statements generally relate to our growth strategies, financial results, product development, and sales efforts. These forward-looking statements should be considered with the understanding that such statements involve a variety of risks and uncertainties, known and unknown, and may be affected by inaccurate assumptions. Consequently, no forward-looking statement can be guaranteed and actual results may vary materially.
This document contains forward-looking statements about Whirlpool Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries (“Whirlpool”) that speak only as of this date. Whirlpool disclaims any obligation to update these statements. Forward-looking statements in this document may include, but are not limited to, statements regarding expected earnings per share, cash flow, productivity and material and oil-related prices. Many risks, contingencies and uncertainties could cause actual results to differ materially from Whirlpool's forward-looking statements. Among these factors are: (1) intense competition in the home appliance industry reflecting the impact of both new and established global competitors, including Asian and European manufacturers; (2) Whirlpool's ability to continue its relationship with significant trade customers and the ability of these trade customers to maintain or increase market share; (3) changes in economic conditions which affect demand for our products, including the strength of the building industry and the level of interest rates; (4) inventory and other asset risk; (5)  risks related to our international operations, including changes in foreign regulations, regulatory compliance and disruptions arising from natural disasters or terrorist attacks; (6) the uncertain global economy; (7) the ability of Whirlpool to achieve its business plans, productivity improvements, cost control, price increases, leveraging of its global operating platform, and acceleration of the rate of innovation; (8) Whirlpool's ability to maintain its reputation and brand image; (9) fluctuations in the cost of key materials (including steel, oil, plastic, resins, copper and aluminum) and components and the ability of Whirlpool to offset cost increases; (10) litigation, tax, and legal compliance risk and costs, especially costs which may be materially different from the amount we expect to incur or have accrued for; (11) product liability and product recall costs; (12) the effects and costs of governmental investigations or related actions by third parties; (13) Whirlpool's ability to obtain and protect intellectual property rights; (14)  the ability of suppliers of critical parts, components and manufacturing equipment to deliver sufficient quantities to Whirlpool in a timely and cost-effective manner;  (15) health care cost trends, regulatory changes and variations between results and estimates that could increase future funding obligations for pension and post retirement benefit plans;  (16) information technology system failures and data security breaches; (17) the impact of labor relations; (18) our ability to attract, develop and retain executives and other qualified employees; (19) changes in the legal and regulatory environment including environmental and health and safety regulations; and (20) the ability of Whirlpool to manage foreign currency fluctuations.
We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement, and investors are advised to review disclosures in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. It is not possible to foresee or identify all factors that could cause actual results to differ from expected or historic results. Therefore, investors should not consider the foregoing factors to be an exhaustive statement of all risks, uncertainties, or factors that could potentially cause actual results to differ from forward-looking statements. Additional information concerning these and other factors can be found in “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of this report.
Unless otherwise indicated, the terms “Whirlpool,” "the Company," “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to Whirlpool Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries.


2


PART I.
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30
(Millions of dollars, except per share data)
 


Three Months Ended

Six Months Ended

2013

2012

2013

2012
Net sales
$
4,748


$
4,510


$
8,996


$
8,858

Expenses







Cost of products sold
3,931


3,782


7,453


7,480

Gross margin
817


728


1,543


1,378

Selling, general and administrative
453


447


874


852

Intangible amortization
5


8


14


15

Restructuring costs
31


79


73


113

Operating profit
328


194


582


398

Other income (expense)







Interest and sundry income (expense)
(39
)

(22
)

(57
)

(39
)
Interest expense
(44
)

(48
)

(90
)

(102
)
Earnings before income taxes
245


124


435


257

Income tax expense (benefit)
39


4


(28
)

40

Net earnings
206


120


463


217

Less: Net earnings available to noncontrolling interests
8


7


13


12

Net earnings available to Whirlpool
$
198


$
113


$
450


$
205

Per share of common stock







Basic net earnings available to Whirlpool
$
2.48


$
1.45


$
5.66


$
2.64

Diluted net earnings available to Whirlpool
$
2.44


$
1.43


$
5.56


$
2.60

Dividends declared
$
0.625


$
0.50


$
1.125


$
1.00

Weighted-average shares outstanding (in millions)







Basic
79.8


78.0


79.5


77.7

Diluted
81.1


78.8


81.0


78.8

Comprehensive income (loss)











Comprehensive income (loss)
$
115


$
(127
)
 
$
341


$
67


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements


3


WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS
(Millions of dollars, except share data)
 

(Unaudited)



June 30,
2013

December 31,
2012
Assets



Current assets



Cash and equivalents
$
670


$
1,168

Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $63 and $60, respectively
2,216


2,038

Inventories
2,505


2,354

Deferred income taxes
461


558

Prepaid and other current assets
756


709

Total current assets
6,608


6,827

Property, net of accumulated depreciation of $6,106 and $6,070, respectively
2,907


3,034

Goodwill
1,724


1,727

Other intangibles, net of accumulated amortization of $225 and $211, respectively
1,708


1,722

Deferred income taxes
2,007


1,832

Other noncurrent assets
320


254

Total assets
$
15,274


$
15,396

Liabilities and stockholders’ equity



Current liabilities



Accounts payable
$
3,620


$
3,698

Accrued expenses
667


692

Accrued advertising and promotions
356


419

Employee compensation
390


520

Notes payable
6


7

Current maturities of long-term debt
509


510

Other current liabilities
683


664

Total current liabilities
6,231


6,510

Noncurrent liabilities



Long-term debt
1,936


1,944

Pension benefits
1,561


1,636

Postretirement benefits
397


422

Other noncurrent liabilities
491


517

Total noncurrent liabilities
4,385


4,519

Stockholders’ equity



Common stock, $1 par value, 250 million shares authorized, 109 million and 108 million shares issued, respectively and 79 million shares outstanding
109


108

Additional paid-in capital
2,385


2,313

Retained earnings
5,507


5,147

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(1,650
)

(1,531
)
Treasury stock, 30 million and 29 million shares, respectively
(1,805
)

(1,777
)
Total Whirlpool stockholders’ equity
4,546


4,260

Noncontrolling interests
112


107

Total stockholders’ equity
4,658


4,367

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
15,274


$
15,396


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements


4


WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30
(Millions of dollars)
 
 
Six Months Ended

2013

2012
Operating activities



Net earnings
$
463


$
217

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to cash used in operating activities:



Depreciation and amortization
255


297

Settlement of Brazilian collection dispute


(275
)
Curtailment gain

 
(49
)
Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(274
)

(67
)
Inventories
(199
)

(270
)
Accounts payable
19


95

Accrued advertising and promotions
(55
)

(97
)
Taxes deferred and payable, net
(110
)

(57
)
Accrued pension and postretirement benefits
(89
)

(131
)
Employee compensation
(106
)

94

Other
(100
)

(112
)
Cash used in operating activities
(196
)

(355
)
Investing activities



Capital expenditures
(180
)

(187
)
Proceeds from sale of assets
3


2

Other
(38
)


Cash used in investing activities
(215
)

(185
)
Financing activities



Proceeds from borrowings of long-term debt
499


300

Repayments of long-term debt
(505
)

(356
)
Dividends paid
(89
)

(77
)
Net proceeds of short-term borrowings
1


2

Common stock issued
63


11

Purchase of treasury stock
(30
)
 

Other
(8
)

(17
)
Cash used in financing activities
(69
)

(137
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and equivalents
(18
)

(6
)
Decrease in cash and equivalents
(498
)

(683
)
Cash and equivalents at beginning of period
1,168


1,109

Cash and equivalents at end of period
$
670


$
426


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements


5


NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(1) BASIS OF PRESENTATION
General Information
The accompanying unaudited Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information, the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all information or footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. As a result, this Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying Notes in the Financial Supplement of our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012.
Management believes that the accompanying Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements reflect all adjustments, including normal recurring items, considered necessary for a fair presentation of the interim periods.
We have eliminated all material intercompany transactions in our Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements. We do not consolidate the financial statements of any company in which we have an ownership interest of 50% or less unless that company is deemed to be a variable interest entity ("VIE") in which we are considered to have a controlling financial interest. We did not control any company in which we had an ownership interest of 50% or less for any period presented in our Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.
Certain prior year amounts in the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements have been reclassified to conform with current year presentation.
New Accounting Pronouncements
In January 2013, we adopted the provisions of Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2013-01, issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”), which requires new asset and liability offsetting disclosures for derivatives, repurchase agreements and security lending transactions to the extent that they are: (1) offset in the financial statements; or (2) subject to an enforceable master netting arrangement or similar agreement. We do not have any repurchase agreements and do not participate in securities lending transactions. Our derivative instruments are not offset in the financial statements and are not subject to any right of offset provisions with our counterparties. Accordingly, this amendment did not have a material impact on our Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements. Additional information about derivative instruments can be found in Note 6 of the Notes to the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.
In February 2013, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) amended Accounting Standards codification (“ASC 220”), “Comprehensive Income.” This amendment requires companies to report, in one place, information about reclassifications (by component) out of accumulated other comprehensive income (“AOCI”). In addition, this amendment requires companies to present the related line item effect of significant reclassifications on the statement where income is presented. We adopted the provisions of this amendment during the first quarter 2013, which affects only the display of information and does not change existing recognition and measurement requirements in our Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.
Issued but not yet effective accounting pronouncements are not expected to have a material impact on our Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.
(2)    FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
Fair value is measured based on an exit price, representing the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. As such, fair value is a market-based measurement that should be determined based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. As a basis for considering such assumptions, a three-tiered fair value hierarchy is established, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows: (Level 1) observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; (Level 2) inputs, other than the quoted prices in active markets that are observable, either directly or indirectly; and (Level 3) unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions. We had no Level 3 assets or liabilities at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012.
Assets and liabilities measured at fair value are based on a market valuation approach using prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets or liabilities.


6


Assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012 are in the following table:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fair Value
 
 
Total Cost Basis
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Total
 Millions of dollars
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Money market funds (1)
 
$
60

 
$
563

 
$
60

 
$
563

 
$

 
$

 
$
60

 
$
563

Net derivative contracts
 

 

 

 

 
(49
)
 
(14
)
 
(49
)
 
(14
)
Available for sale investments
 
7

 
7

 
11

 
10

 

 

 
11

 
10

(1) Money market funds are primarily comprised of government obligations.
Other Fair Value Measurements
The fair value of long-term debt (including current maturities) was $2.6 billion for both June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, and was estimated using discounted cash flow analysis based on incremental borrowing rates for similar types of borrowing arrangements (Level 2 input).
(3)    INVENTORIES
The following table summarizes our inventory for the periods presented:
Millions of dollars
 
June 30,
2013
 
December 31,
2012
Finished products
 
$
2,082

 
$
1,948

Raw materials and work in process
 
596

 
596

Gross inventories
 
2,678

 
2,544

Less: excess of FIFO cost over LIFO cost
 
(173
)
 
(190
)
Total inventories
 
$
2,505


$
2,354

LIFO inventories represented 39% and 40% of total inventories at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively.
(4)    FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS
In March 2013, $500 million of 5.50% notes matured and were repaid. On February 27, 2013, we completed a debt offering of $250 million principal amount of 3.70% notes due in 2023 and $250 million principal amount of 5.15% notes due in 2043 (collectively, the "Notes"). The Notes contain covenants that limit our ability to incur certain liens or enter into certain sale and lease-back transactions. In addition, if we experience a specific kind of change of control, we are required to make an offer to purchase all of the Notes at a purchase price of 101% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest. The Notes are registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, pursuant to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-181339) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) on May 11, 2012.
(5)    COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Embraco Antitrust Matters
Beginning in February 2009, our compressor business headquartered in Brazil ("Embraco") was notified of investigations of the global compressor industry by government authorities in various jurisdictions. In 2012, Embraco sales represented approximately 8% of our global net sales.
Government authorities in Brazil, Europe, the United States, and other jurisdictions have entered into agreements with Embraco and concluded their investigations of the Company. In connection with these agreements, Embraco has acknowledged violations of antitrust law with respect to the sale of compressors at various times from 2004 through 2007 and agreed to pay fines or settlement payments.
Since the government investigations commenced in February 2009, Embraco has been named as a defendant in related antitrust lawsuits in various jurisdictions seeking damages in connection with the pricing of compressors during certain periods beginning in 1996 or later. Several other compressor manufacturers who are the subject of the government investigations have also been named as defendants in the antitrust lawsuits. United States federal lawsuits instituted on behalf of purported “direct” and “indirect” purchasers and containing class action allegations have been combined in one proceeding in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan (“Michigan Lawsuit”).


7


On February 12, 2013, Embraco entered into a settlement agreement with plaintiffs representing a proposed settlement class of direct purchasers of compressors in the Michigan Lawsuit. The settlement agreement, which is subject to court approval, provides for, among other things, the payment by Embraco of up to $30 million in exchange for a release by all settlement class members. The settlement agreement, which was accrued for as of December 31, 2012, does not cover any claims by direct purchasers which opt out of the proposed settlement class and the settlement amount will be reduced if there are opt-outs. The settlement agreement does not cover claims by “indirect purchaser” plaintiffs in the Michigan Lawsuit, which remain pending.
Other lawsuits are also pending and additional lawsuits may be filed by purported purchasers of compressors (including by any plaintiffs that may opt out of the proposed direct purchaser settlement of the Michigan Lawsuit to bring their own lawsuit) or other plaintiffs. Given the inherent uncertainties of litigation, it is not possible to predict the amount, if any, of damages Embraco could be required to pay, but any such damages could be significant. We will also incur fees and expenses in defending these claims.
In connection with these agreements and other Embraco antitrust matters, at June 30, 2013 we have already incurred, in the aggregate, charges of approximately $363 million, including fines, defense costs and other expenses. These charges have been recorded within interest and sundry income (expense). At June 30, 2013, $103 million remains accrued, with installment payments of $68 million, plus interest, remaining to be made to government authorities at various times through 2015.
We continue to work toward resolution of ongoing government actions in other jurisdictions, to defend the related antitrust lawsuits and to take other steps to minimize our potential exposure. The final outcome and impact of these matters, and any related claims and investigations that may be brought in the future are subject to many variables, and cannot be predicted. We establish accruals only for those matters where we determine that a loss is probable and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated. While it is currently not possible to reasonably estimate the aggregate amount of costs which we may incur in connection with these matters, such costs could have a material adverse effect on our financial position, liquidity, or results of operations.
Brazil Tax Matters
Relying on existing Brazilian legal precedent, in 2003 and 2004, we recognized tax credits in an aggregate amount of $26 million, adjusted for currency, on the purchase of raw materials used in production (“IPI tax credits”). The Brazilian tax authority subsequently challenged the recording of IPI tax credits. No credits have been recognized since 2004. In 2009, we entered into a special Brazilian government program which provided extended payment terms and reduced penalties and interest to encourage tax payers to resolve this and certain other disputed tax credit amounts. As permitted by the program, we elected to settle certain debts through the use of other existing tax credits and recorded charges of approximately $34 million in 2009 associated with these matters. In July 2012, the Brazilian revenue authority notified us that a portion of our proposed settlement was rejected and we received tax assessments of 187 million Brazilian reais (equivalent to $84 million) in 2013, reflecting the original assessment, plus interest and penalties. We are disputing these assessments and we intend to vigorously defend our position. Based on our analysis of the facts, including the opinion of our legal advisors, we have not recorded an additional reserve related to these matters.
In 2001, Brazil adopted a law making the profits of controlled foreign corporations of Brazilian entities subject to income and social contribution tax regardless of whether the profits were repatriated. Our Brazilian subsidiary, along with other corporations, challenged tax assessments on foreign profits on constitutionality and other grounds. In April 2013, the Brazilian Supreme Court ruled in our case, finding that the law is constitutional, but remanding the case to a lower court for consideration of other arguments raised in our appeal, including the existence of tax treaties with jurisdictions in which controlled foreign corporations are domiciled. As of June 30, 2013, our potential exposure for income and social contribution taxes relating to profits of controlled foreign corporations, including interest and penalties and net of expected foreign tax credits, is 119 million reais (equivalent to $54 million). We believe these assessments are without merit and we intend to continue to vigorously dispute them. Based on the advice of legal and tax counsel, we have not accrued any amount related to these assessments as of June 30, 2013.
We are currently disputing other assessments issued by the Brazilian tax authorities related to non-income and income tax matters, which are at various stages of review in numerous administrative and judicial proceedings. We routinely assess these matters and record our best estimate of loss in situations where we assess the likelihood of an ultimate loss to be probable. We believe these assessments are without merit and are vigorously defending our positions, however, each of these matters may take several years to resolve and the outcome of litigation is inherently unpredictable.
BEFIEX Credits
In previous years, our Brazilian operations earned tax credits under the Brazilian government’s export incentive program (BEFIEX). These credits reduced Brazilian federal excise taxes on domestic sales, resulting in an increase in the operations’ recorded net sales. We recognize export credits as they are monetized, based on a favorable court decision in 2005, which was upheld by a December 2011 appellate court decision, however, future actions by the Brazilian government could limit our ability to monetize these export credits.


8


Our Brazilian operations have received governmental assessments related to claims for income and social contribution taxes associated with BEFIEX credits monetized from 2000 through 2002 and 2007 through 2011. We do not believe BEFIEX export credits are subject to income or social contribution taxes. We are disputing these tax matters in various courts and intend to vigorously defend our positions. We have not provided for income or social contribution taxes on these export credits, and based on the opinions of tax and legal advisors, we have not accrued any amount related to these assessments as of June 30, 2013. The total amount of outstanding tax assessments received for income and social contribution taxes relating to the BEFIEX credits, including interest and penalties, is approximately 1.2 billion Brazilian reais (equivalent to approximately $550 million) as of June 30, 2013.
Litigation is inherently unpredictable and the conclusion of these matters may take many years to ultimately resolve, during which time the amounts related to these assessments will continue to be increased by monetary adjustments at the Selic rate, which is the benchmark rate set by the Brazilian Central Bank. Accordingly, it is possible that an unfavorable outcome in these proceedings could have a material adverse effect on our financial position, liquidity, or results of operations in any particular reporting period.
Other Litigation

We are currently defending against numerous lawsuits pending in federal and state courts in the United States and various jurisdictions in Canada relating to certain of our front load washing machines. Some of these lawsuits have been certified for treatment as class actions. The complaints in these lawsuits generally allege violations of state consumer fraud acts, unjust enrichment and breach of warranty. The complaints generally seek unspecified compensatory, consequential and punitive damages. We believe these suits are without merit and are vigorously defending them. Given the preliminary stage of these proceedings, the Company cannot reasonably estimate a possible range of loss, if any, at this time. The resolution of one or more of these matters could have a material adverse effect on our Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.
In addition, we are currently defending a number of other lawsuits in federal and state courts in the United States related to the manufacturing and sale of our products which include class action allegations. These lawsuits allege claims which include breach of contract, breach of warranty, product defect, fraud, violation of federal and state consumer protection acts and negligence. We do not have insurance coverage for class action lawsuits. We are also involved in various other legal actions arising in the normal course of business, for which insurance coverage may or may not be available depending on the nature of the action. We dispute the merits of these suits and actions, and intend to vigorously defend them. Management believes, based upon its current knowledge, after taking into consideration legal counsel's evaluation of such suits and actions, and after taking into account current litigation accruals, that the outcome of these matters currently pending against Whirlpool should not have a material adverse effect, if any, on our Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.
Product Warranty and Recall Reserves
Product warranty and recall reserves are included in other current and other noncurrent liabilities in our Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets. The following table summarizes the changes in total product warranty and recall reserves for the periods presented:
Millions of dollars

2013

2012
Balance at January 1

$
187


$
191

Issuances/accruals during the period

177


188

Settlements made during the period

(177
)

(195
)
Other changes

(2
)

(3
)
Balance at June 30

$
185


$
181

Current portion

$
143


$
148

Non-current portion

42


33

Total

$
185


$
181

We regularly engage in investigations of potential quality and safety issues as part of our ongoing effort to deliver quality products to customers. We are currently investigating a limited number of potential quality and safety issues. As necessary, we undertake to effect repair or replacement of appliances in the event that an investigation leads to the conclusion that such action is warranted.


9


Guarantees
We have guarantee arrangements in a Brazilian subsidiary. As a standard business practice in Brazil, the subsidiary guarantees customer lines of credit at commercial banks to support purchases following its normal credit policies. If a customer were to default on its line of credit with the bank, our subsidiary would be required to satisfy the obligation with the bank and the receivable would revert back to the subsidiary. At June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, the guaranteed amounts totaled $388 million and $449 million, respectively. Our subsidiary insures against credit risk for these guarantees, under normal operating conditions, through policies purchased from high-quality underwriters.
We provide guarantees of indebtedness and lines of credit for various consolidated subsidiaries. The maximum amount of credit facilities available under these lines for consolidated subsidiaries totaled $1.4 billion at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012. Our total outstanding bank indebtedness under guarantees at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012 was nominal.

We have guaranteed a $50 million  five year revolving credit facility between certain financial institutions and a not-for-profit entity in connection with a community and economic development project (“Harbor Shores”). The credit facility, which originated in 2008, was refinanced in December 2012 and we renewed our guarantee through 2017. The fair value of the guarantee was nominal. The purpose of Harbor Shores is to stimulate employment and growth in the areas of Benton Harbor and St. Joseph, Michigan. In the event of default, we must satisfy the guarantee of the credit facility up to the amount borrowed at the date of default.
(6)    HEDGES AND DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
Derivative instruments are accounted for at fair value based on market rates. Derivatives on which we elect hedge accounting are designated as either cash flow or fair value hedges. Derivatives that are not accounted for based on hedge accounting are marked to market through earnings. The accounting for changes in the fair value of a derivative depends on the intended use and designation of the derivative instrument. For a derivative instrument designated as a fair value hedge, the gain or loss on the derivative is recognized in earnings in the period of change in fair value together with the offsetting gain or loss on the hedged item. For a derivative instrument designated as a cash flow hedge, the effective portion of the derivative’s gain or loss is initially reported as a component of Other Comprehensive Income (“OCI”) and is subsequently recognized in earnings when the hedged exposure affects earnings. Hedging ineffectiveness and a net earnings impact occur when the change in the fair value of the cash flow hedge does not offset the change in the fair value of the hedged item. The ineffective portion of the gain or loss is recognized in earnings.
Using derivative instruments means assuming counterparty credit risk. Counterparty credit risk relates to the loss we could incur if a counterparty were to default on a derivative contract. We generally deal with investment grade counterparties and monitor the overall credit risk and exposure to individual counterparties. We do not anticipate nonperformance by any counterparties. The amount of counterparty credit exposure is limited to the unrealized gains, if any, on such derivative contracts. We do not require, nor do we post, collateral or other security on such contracts.
Hedging strategy
In the normal course of business, we manage risks relating to our ongoing business operations including those arising from changes in foreign exchange rates, interest rates and commodity prices. Fluctuations in these rates and prices can affect our operating results and financial condition. We use a variety of strategies to manage these risks, including the use of derivative instruments. We do not enter into derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.
Foreign currency exchange rate risk
We incur expenses associated with the procurement and production of products in a limited number of countries, while we sell in the local currencies of a large number of countries. Our primary foreign currency exchange exposures result from cross-currency sales of products. As a result, we enter into foreign exchange contracts to hedge certain firm commitments and forecasted transactions to acquire products and services that are denominated in foreign currencies.
We enter into certain undesignated non-functional currency asset and liability hedges that relate primarily to short-term payables, receivables, inventory and intercompany loans. These forecasted cross-currency cash flows relate primarily to foreign currency denominated expenditures and intercompany financing agreements, royalty agreements and dividends. When we hedge a foreign currency denominated payable or receivable with a derivative, the effect of changes in the foreign exchange rates are reflected currently in interest and sundry income (expense) for both the payable/receivable and the derivative. Therefore, as a result of the economic hedge, we do not elect hedge accounting.


10


Commodity price risk
We enter into swap and option contracts on various commodities to manage the price risk associated with forecasted purchases of materials used in our manufacturing process. The objective of these hedges is to reduce the variability of cash flows associated with the forecasted purchase of commodities.
Interest rate risk
We may enter into interest rate derivatives, including rate swaps and rate locks, to manage interest rate risk exposure. Our interest rate swap agreements, if any, effectively modify our exposure to interest rate risk, primarily through converting certain of our floating rate debt to a fixed rate basis, and certain fixed rate debt to a floating rate basis. These agreements involve either the receipt or payment of floating rate amounts in exchange for fixed rate interest payments or receipts, respectively, over the life of the agreements without an exchange of the underlying principal amounts. We also may utilize a cross-currency interest rate swap agreement to manage our exposure relating to certain intercompany debt denominated in one foreign currency that will be repaid in another foreign currency. We may enter into treasury rate lock agreements to effectively modify our exposure to interest rate risk by locking-in interest rates on probable long-term debt issuances. At June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012 there were no outstanding interest rate derivatives.
The following table summarizes our outstanding derivative contracts and their effects on our Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012:
 
 
 
 
Fair Value of
 
Type 
of
Hedge
 
 
Millions of dollars
 
Notional Amount
 
Hedge Assets
 
Hedge Liabilities
 
Maximum Term (Months)
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
Derivatives accounted for as hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange(1)
 
$
841

 
$
1,101

 
$
24

 
$
8

 
$
11

 
$
12

 
(CF/FV)
 
18
 
18
Commodity
 
358

 
354

 

 
11

 
37

 
9

 
(CF)
 
30
 
24
Total derivatives accounted for as hedges
 
 
 
 
 
$
24

 
$
19

 
$
48

 
$
21

 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives not accounted for as hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange
 
$
1,558

 
$
1,522

 
$
18

 
$
11

 
$
43

 
$
23

 
 
 
14
 
13
Commodity
 
5

 
6

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
6
 
12
Total derivatives not accounted for as hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
18

 
11

 
43

 
23

 
 
 
 
 
 
Total derivatives
 
 
 
 
 
$
42

 
$
30

 
$
91

 
$
44

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current
 
 
 
 
 
$
41

 
$
26

 
$
82

 
$
43

 
 
 
 
 
 
Noncurrent
 
 
 
 
 
1

 
4

 
9

 
1

 
 
 
 
 
 
Total derivatives
 
 
 
 
 
$
42

 
$
30

 
$
91

 
$
44

 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) 
Foreign exchange derivatives accounted for as hedges are classified as cash flow (CF) hedges in 2013. During 2012, foreign exchanges derivatives accounted for as hedges were classified as either cash flow (CF) or fair value (FV) hedges.
The following tables summarize the effects of derivative instruments on our Consolidated Condensed Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three and six months ended as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
Cash Flow Hedges - Millions of dollars
 
Gain (Loss)
Recognized in OCI
(Effective Portion)
 
Gain (Loss)
Reclassified from
OCI into Earnings
(Effective Portion) (1)
 
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
Foreign exchange
 
$
5

 
$
(1
)
 
$
1

 
$
(6
)
 
(a)
Commodity
 
(30
)
 
(30
)
 
(6
)
 
(2
)
 
(a)
Interest rate derivatives
 

 
(13
)
 
(1
)
 

 
(b)
 
 
$
(25
)
 
$
(44
)
 
$
(6
)
 
$
(8
)
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Derivatives not Accounted for as Hedges - Millions of dollars
 
Gain (Loss) Recognized on Derivatives not
Accounted for as Hedges (2)
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
Foreign exchange
 
$
(35
)
 
$
(34
)
 


11


 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
Cash Flow Hedges - Millions of dollars
 
Gain (Loss)
Recognized in OCI
(Effective Portion)
 
Gain (Loss)
Reclassified from
OCI into Earnings
(Effective Portion) (1)
 
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
Foreign exchange
 
$
20


$
(8
)

$
1


$
(7
)
 
(a)
Commodity
 
(48
)

(10
)

(8
)

(4
)
 
(a)
Interest rate derivatives
 


(7
)

(1
)


 
(b)
 
 
$
(28
)
 
$
(25
)
 
$
(8
)
 
$
(11
)
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
Derivatives not Accounted for as Hedges - Millions of dollars
 
Gain (Loss) Recognized on Derivatives not
Accounted for as Hedges (2)
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
Foreign exchange
 
$
(32
)

$
(22
)
 
(1)    Gains and losses reclassified from accumulated OCI and recognized in income are recorded in (a) cost of products sold; or (b) interest expense.
(2)    Mark to market gains and losses recognized in income are recorded in interest and sundry income (expense).
For cash flow hedges, the amount of ineffectiveness recognized in interest and sundry income (expense) was nominal for the periods ended June 30, 2013 and 2012. For fair value hedges, the amount of gain or loss and offsetting gain or loss on the hedged item that were recognized in interest and sundry income (expense) was nominal for the periods ended June 30, 2013 and 2012. The net amount of unrealized gain or loss on derivative instruments included in accumulated OCI related to contracts maturing and expected to be realized during the next twelve months is a loss of $15 million at June 30, 2013
(7)    STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The following table summarizes our other comprehensive income (loss) and related tax effects for the periods presented:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
Millions of dollars
 
Pre-tax
Tax Effect
Net
 
Pre-tax
Tax Effect
Net
Currency translation adjustments
 
$
(82
)
$

$
(82
)
 
$
(195
)
$

$
(195
)
Cash flow hedges
 
(19
)
6

(13
)

(36
)
13

(23
)
Pension and other postretirement benefits plans
 
8

(4
)
4

 
(46
)
17

(29
)
Available for sale securities
 



 



Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
(93
)
2

(91
)

(277
)
30

(247
)
Less: Other comprehensive income (loss) available to noncontrolling interests
 
(4
)

(4
)
 
(2
)

(2
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) available to Whirlpool
 
$
(89
)
$
2

$
(87
)

$
(275
)
$
30

$
(245
)

 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
Millions of dollars
 
Pre-tax
Tax Effect
Net
 
Pre-tax
Tax Effect
Net
Currency translation adjustments
 
$
(120
)
$

$
(120
)
 
$
(115
)
$

$
(115
)
Cash flow hedges
 
(20
)
7

(13
)
 
(14
)
5

(9
)
Pension and other postretirement benefits plans
 
15

(5
)
10

 
(45
)
17

(28
)
Available for sale securities
 
1


1

 
2


2

Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
(124
)
2

(122
)
 
(172
)
22

(150
)
Less: Other comprehensive income (loss) available to noncontrolling interests
 
(3
)

(3
)
 



Other comprehensive income (loss) available to Whirlpool
 
$
(121
)
$
2

$
(119
)
 
$
(172
)
$
22

$
(150
)


12


Reclassifications Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The following table provides the reclassification adjustments out of accumulated other comprehensive loss, by component, that were included in net earnings for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013.
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2013
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2013
 
 
Component - Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(Gain) Loss Reclassified
 
(Gain) Loss Reclassified

Classification in Earnings
Cash flow hedges, pre-tax
 
$
6

 
$
8

 
Cost of products sold
Pension and postretirement benefits, pre-tax
 
8

 
15

 
Cost of products sold / Selling, general and administrative
The following table summarizes the changes in stockholders’ equity for the period presented:
Millions of dollars
 
Total
 
Whirlpool
Common
Stockholders
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
Stockholders’ equity, December 31, 2012
 
$
4,367

 
$
4,260

 
$
107

Net earnings
 
463

 
450

 
13

Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
(122
)
 
(119
)
 
(3
)
Comprehensive income
 
341

 
331

 
10

Common stock
 
1

 
1

 

Treasury stock
 
(28
)
 
(28
)
 

Additional paid-in capital
 
72

 
72

 

Dividends declared on common stock
 
(95
)
 
(90
)
 
(5
)
Stockholders’ equity, June 30, 2013
 
$
4,658

 
$
4,546

 
$
112

Net Earnings per Share
Diluted net earnings per share of common stock include the dilutive effect of stock options and other share-based compensation plans. Basic and diluted net earnings per share of common stock for the periods presented were calculated as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
Millions of dollars and shares
 
2013

2012
 
2013
 
2012
Numerator for basic and diluted earnings per share – net earnings available to Whirlpool
 
$
198

 
$
113

 
$
450

 
$
205

Denominator for basic earnings per share – weighted-average shares
 
79.8

 
78.0

 
79.5

 
77.7

Effect of dilutive securities – share-based compensation
 
1.3

 
0.8

 
1.5

 
1.1

Denominator for diluted earnings per share – adjusted weighted-average shares
 
81.1

 
78.8

 
81.0

 
78.8

Anti-dilutive stock options/awards excluded from earnings per share
 
0.3

 
2.9

 

 
2.9

Repurchase Program
On April 23, 2008, our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program of up to $500 million. Share repurchases are made from time to time on the open market as conditions warrant. We resumed the share repurchase program during the second quarter and repurchased 241 thousand shares at an aggregate purchase price of $30 million. At June 30, 2013, there were $320 million in funds remaining authorized under this program.


13


(8)    RESTRUCTURING CHARGES
During the fourth quarter 2011, the Company committed to restructuring plans (the "2011 Plan") to expand our operating margins and improve our earnings through substantial cost and capacity reductions, primarily within our North America and EMEA operating segments. Included within this plan are previously announced restructuring initiatives and the financial restructuring of a long standing customer in Europe. During the second quarter 2013, the Company announced actions to cease refrigeration production in two European manufacturing facilities by 2014. We continue to expect to incur approximately $500 million of total costs related to the 2011 Plan, with substantial completion expected by the end of 2013.
The 2011 Plan includes the following announced actions:
Overall workforce reduction of more than 5,000 positions, including approximately 1,200 salaried positions.
Closure of a refrigeration manufacturing facility in the United States in 2012.
Ceased laundry production in a European manufacturing facility in 2012.
Ceased dishwasher production in a European manufacturing facility in January 2012.
Additional organizational efficiency actions in North America and EMEA.
Cease refrigeration production in two European manufacturing facilities by 2014.

The following table summarizes the change in our restructuring liability for the period ended June 30, 2013 and cumulative charges recognized and total expected charges for the 2011 Plan as of June 30, 2013.


Millions of dollars
12/31/2012
Charge to Earnings
Cash Paid
Non-cash and Other
6/30/2013
 
Cumulative Charges
Expected Total Charges
Employee termination costs
$
56

$
33

$
(45
)
$
(1
)
$
43


$
185

$
225

Asset impairment costs

11


(11
)


103

140

Facility exit costs
3

24

(10
)

17


65

85

Other exit costs
11

5

(4
)

12


35

50

Total
$
70

$
73

$
(59
)
$
(12
)
$
72


$
388

$
500

The following table summarizes restructuring charges for the combined plans, by operating segment, as of June 30, 2013.
Millions of dollars
 
2013 Charges
Cumulative Charges
Expected Total Charges
North America
 
$
45

$
237

$
265

Latin America
 

2

12

EMEA
 
24

134

205

Asia
 
3

11

14

Corporate / Other
 
1

4

4

Total
 
$
73

$
388

$
500

(9)    INCOME TAXES
The income tax expense for the three months ended June 30, 2013 was $39 million and the income tax benefit for the six months ended June 30, 2013 was $28 million compared to income tax expense of $4 million and $40 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively. In January 2013, the “American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012” was signed into law, of which the most significant impact to Whirlpool was the reinstatement of the United States energy tax credit for 2012 and 2013. The income tax benefit for the six months ended June 30, 2013 includes United States energy tax credits of $75 million related to 2012 production and $25 million related to estimated 2013 production.


14


The following table summarizes the difference between income tax expense at the United States statutory rate of 35% and the income tax (benefit) expense at effective worldwide tax rates for the periods presented:


Three Months Ended June 30,

Six Months Ended June 30,
Millions of dollars

2013

2012

2013

2012
Earnings before income taxes

$
245


$
124


$
435


$
257

Income tax expense computed at United States statutory tax rate

$
85


$
43


$
152


$
90

U.S. government tax incentive - Energy Tax Credits

(16
)



(100
)


Valuation allowance release



(55
)



(55
)
Foreign government tax incentive - BEFIEX

(11
)

(3
)

(17
)

(7
)
Other

(19
)

19


(63
)

12

Income tax (benefit) expense computed at effective worldwide tax rates

$
39


$
4


$
(28
)

$
40

Over the next twelve months it is reasonably possible that we will settle unrecognized tax benefits totaling approximately $53 million associated with certain tax examinations and other events.
At the end of each interim period, we make our best estimate of the effective tax rate expected to be applicable for the full fiscal year and the impact of discrete items, if any, and adjust the quarterly rate as necessary.
(10)    PENSION AND OTHER POSTRETIREMENT BENEFIT PLANS
The following table summarizes the components of net periodic pension cost and the cost of other postretirement benefits for the periods presented:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
United States
Pension Benefits
 
Foreign Pension
Benefits
 
Other Postretirement
Benefits
Millions of dollars
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Service cost
 
$
1

 
$
1

 
$
1

 
$
1

 
$
1

 
$
2

Interest cost
 
40

 
44

 
4

 
5

 
4

 
5

Expected return on plan assets
 
(48
)
 
(49
)
 
(2
)
 
(3
)
 

 

Amortization:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Actuarial loss
 
15

 
12

 
1

 
1

 

 

Prior service credit
 

 
(1
)
 

 

 
(9
)
 
(11
)
Settlement and curtailment loss
 

 
2

 
1

 

 

 
(49
)
Net periodic benefit cost (credit)
 
$
8

 
$
9

 
$
5

 
$
4

 
$
(4
)
 
$
(53
)
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
United States
Pension Benefits
 
Foreign Pension
Benefits
 
Other Postretirement
Benefits
Millions of dollars
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Service cost
 
$
1

 
$
1

 
$
3

 
$
3

 
$
2

 
$
3

Interest cost
 
81

 
89

 
8

 
9

 
9

 
11

Expected return on plan assets
 
(96
)
 
(97
)
 
(5
)
 
(5
)
 

 

Amortization:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Actuarial loss
 
31

 
23

 
3

 
2

 

 

Prior service credit
 
(1
)
 
(2
)
 

 

 
(19
)
 
(23
)
Settlement and curtailment loss
 

 
4

 
1

 

 

 
(49
)
Net periodic benefit cost (credit)
 
$
16

 
$
18

 
$
10

 
$
9

 
$
(8
)
 
$
(58
)


15


(11)    OPERATING SEGMENT INFORMATION
Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is available that is evaluated on a regular basis by the chief operating decision maker, or decision making group, in deciding how to allocate resources to an individual segment and in assessing performance.
We identify such segments based upon geographical regions of operations because each operating segment manufactures home appliances and related components, but serves strategically different markets. The chief operating decision maker evaluates performance based upon each segment’s operating income, which is defined as income before interest and sundry income (expense), interest expense, income taxes, noncontrolling interests, intangible asset impairment and restructuring costs. Total assets by segment are those assets directly associated with the respective operating activities. The “Other/Eliminations” column primarily includes corporate expenses, assets and eliminations, as well as restructuring costs and intangible asset impairments, if any. Intersegment sales are eliminated within each region except compressor sales out of Latin America, which are included in Other/Eliminations.
The tables below summarize performance by operating segment for the periods presented:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
OPERATING SEGMENTS

Millions of dollars
 
North
America
 
Latin
America
 
EMEA
 
Asia
 
Other/
Eliminations
 
Total
Whirlpool
Net sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2013
 
$
2,591

 
$
1,222

 
$
731

 
$
246

 
$
(42
)
 
$
4,748

2012
 
2,465

 
1,154

 
691

 
241

 
(41
)
 
4,510

Intersegment sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2013
 
60

 
44

 
19

 
64

 
(187
)
 

2012
 
67

 
44

 
32

 
62

 
(205
)
 

Depreciation and amortization
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2013
 
64

 
23

 
22

 
5

 
12

 
126

2012
 
63

 
25

 
26

 
5

 
27

 
146

Operating profit (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2013
 
262

 
135

 
(6
)
 
14

 
(77
)
 
328

2012
 
235

 
103

 
(27
)
 
14

 
(131
)
 
194

Total assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
June 30, 2013
 
7,913

 
3,874

 
2,756

 
853

 
(122
)
 
15,274

December 31, 2012
 
7,766

 
3,845

 
2,956

 
802

 
27

 
15,396

Capital expenditures
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2013
 
42

 
26

 
15

 
5

 
18

 
106

2012
 
49

 
17

 
17

 
6

 
6

 
95



16


 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
OPERATING SEGMENTS

Millions of dollars
 
North
America
 
Latin
America
 
EMEA
 
Asia
 
Other/
Eliminations
 
Total
Whirlpool
Net sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2013
 
$
4,826


$
2,419


$
1,399


$
433


$
(81
)
 
$
8,996

2012
 
4,704


2,413


1,378


443


(80
)
 
8,858

Intersegment sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2013
 
132


85


37


117


(371
)
 

2012
 
127


86


73


114


(400
)
 

Depreciation and amortization
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2013
 
122


48


47


9


29

 
255

2012
 
130


50


50


10


57

 
297

Operating profit (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2013
 
480


265


(14
)

17


(166
)
 
582

2012
 
386


224


(23
)

23


(212
)
 
398

Total assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
June 30, 2013
 
7,913

 
3,874

 
2,756

 
853

 
(122
)
 
15,274

December 31, 2012
 
7,766

 
3,845

 
2,956

 
802

 
27

 
15,396

Capital expenditures
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2013
 
76


42


28


8


26

 
180

2012
 
97


35


28


13


14

 
187




17


ITEM 2.MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
ABOUT WHIRLPOOL
Whirlpool Corporation (“Whirlpool”) is the world’s leading manufacturer of major home appliances with revenues of approximately $18 billion and net earnings available to Whirlpool of $401 million in 2012. We are a leading producer of major home appliances in North America and Latin America and have a significant presence in markets throughout Europe and in India. We have received worldwide recognition for accomplishments in a variety of business and social efforts, including leadership, diversity, innovative product design, business ethics, social responsibility and community involvement. We conduct our business through four reportable segments, which we define based on geography. Our reportable segments consist of North America, Latin America, EMEA (Europe, Middle East and Africa) and Asia. Our customer base includes large, sophisticated trade customers who have many choices and demand competitive products, services and prices. The major home appliance industry operates in an intensely competitive environment, reflecting the impact of both new and established global competitors, including Asian and European manufacturers.
We monitor country-specific economic factors such as gross domestic product, unemployment, consumer confidence, retail trends, housing starts and completions, sales of existing homes and mortgage interest rates as key indicators of industry demand. In addition to profitability, we also focus on country, brand, product and channel sales when assessing and forecasting financial results.
Our leading portfolio of brands includes: Whirlpool, Maytag, KitchenAid, Brastemp and Consul, each of which have annual revenues in excess of $1 billion. Our global branded consumer products strategy is to introduce innovative new products, increase brand customer loyalty, expand our presence in foreign markets, enhance our trade management platform, improve total cost and quality by expanding and leveraging our global operating platform and, where appropriate, make strategic acquisitions and investments.
As we grow revenues in our core products, our strategy is to extend our business by offering products and services that are dependent on and related to our core business and expand into adjacent products, such as Gladiator GarageWorks, through stand-alone businesses that leverage our core competencies and business infrastructure.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following table summarizes the consolidated results of operations for the periods presented:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
Consolidated - Millions of dollars, except per share data
 
2013

2012
 
Change        
 
2013

2012
 
Change        
Net sales
 
$
4,748

 
$
4,510

 
5.3
 %
 
$
8,996

 
$
8,858

 
1.6
 %
Gross margin
 
817

 
728

 
12.3
 %
 
1,543

 
1,378

 
11.9
 %
Selling, general and administrative
 
453

 
447

 
1.4
 %
 
874

 
852

 
2.6
 %
Restructuring costs
 
31

 
79

 
(61.2
)%
 
73

 
113

 
(35.3
)%
Interest and sundry (income) expense
 
39

 
22

 
79.3
 %
 
57

 
39

 
46.9
 %
Interest expense
 
44

 
48

 
(8.0
)%
 
90

 
102

 
(11.7
)%
Income tax expense (benefit)
 
39

 
4

 
nm

 
(28
)
 
40

 
nm

Net earnings available to Whirlpool
 
198

 
113

 
75.4
 %
 
450

 
205

 
119.6
 %
Diluted net earnings available to Whirlpool per share
 
$
2.44

 
$
1.43

 
70.5
 %
 
$
5.56

 
$
2.60

 
113.7
 %
nm: not meaningful


18


Consolidated Net Sales
The following tables summarize units sold and consolidated net sales by region for the periods ended June 30:
 
 
Units Sold (in thousands)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
Region
 
2013
 
2012
 
Change        
 
2013
 
2012
 
Change        
North America
 
6,397

 
5,911

 
8.2
%
 
11,931

 
11,627

 
2.6
 %
Latin America
 
3,088

 
2,781

 
11.0
%
 
5,973

 
5,750

 
3.9
 %
EMEA
 
2,919

 
2,778

 
5.1
%
 
5,485

 
5,383

 
1.9
 %
Asia
 
1,174

 
1,154

 
1.8
%
 
2,031

 
2,076

 
(2.2
)%
Consolidated
 
13,578

 
12,624

 
7.6
%
 
25,420

 
24,836

 
2.4
 %
 
 
Net Sales (in millions)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
Region
 
2013
 
2012
 
Change        
 
2013
 
2012
 
Change        
North America
 
$
2,591

 
$
2,465

 
5.1
%
 
$
4,826

 
$
4,704

 
2.6
 %
Latin America
 
1,222

 
1,154

 
5.9
%
 
2,419

 
2,413

 
0.2
 %
EMEA
 
731

 
691

 
5.9
%
 
1,399

 
1,378

 
1.6
 %
Asia
 
246

 
241

 
2.2
%
 
433

 
443

 
(2.3
)%
Other/eliminations
 
(42
)
 
(41
)
 

 
(81
)
 
(80
)
 

Consolidated
 
$
4,748

 
$
4,510

 
5.3
%
 
$
8,996

 
$
8,858

 
1.6
 %
Consolidated net sales for the three months ended June 30, 2013 increased compared to the same period in 2012, primarily driven by higher units sold and higher BEFIEX credits, partially offset by product price/mix and foreign currency. The increase for the six months ended June 30, 2013 was driven primarily by higher units sold, favorable product price/mix and higher BEFIEX credits, partially offset by foreign currency. Excluding the impact of foreign currency and BEFIEX credits, consolidated net sales for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 increased 5.9% and 3.0% compared to the same periods in 2012, respectively. We provide net sales, excluding the impact of foreign currency and BEFIEX credits, as a supplement to the change in net sales as determined by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") to provide stockholders with a clearer basis to assess Whirlpool's results over time. This measure is considered a non-GAAP financial measure and is calculated by translating the current period net sales excluding BEFIEX, in functional currency, to U.S. dollars using the prior-year period's exchange rate compared to the prior-year period net sales excluding BEFIEX.

Significant regional trends were as follows:
North America net sales primarily reflect improving demand trends with increases of 5.1% and 2.6% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to the same periods in 2012. Foreign currency did not have a significant impact on North America net sales compared to 2012.
Latin America net sales increased 5.9% for the three months ended June 30, 2013 and were flat for the six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012. The increase for the three months ended was primarily due to an improvement in units sold and higher BEFIEX credits, partially offset by an unfavorable impact of foreign currency. For the six months ended, net sales reflected improvements in units sold, product price/mix and higher BEFIEX credits, partially offset by an unfavorable impact of foreign currency. Excluding the impact of foreign currency and BEFIEX, net sales increased 7.7% and 4.8% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013, compared to 2012.
We monetized $24 million and $40 million of BEFIEX credits during the three and six months ended June 30, 2013, compared to $2 million and $9 for the same periods in 2012, respectively. At June 30, 2013, approximately $141 million of future cash monetization remained, including $53 million of court awarded fees related to a separate agreement which will be receivable in subsequent years.
EMEA net sales increased 5.9% and 1.6% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to the same periods in 2012. The increase for the three and six months ended was primarily due to an increase in units sold. Excluding the impact of foreign currency, net sales increased 5.5% and 1.4% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013, compared to the same periods in 2012.


19


Asia net sales increased 2.2% for the three months ended June 30, 2013, compared to the same period in 2012 reflecting favorable product price/mix and an increase in units sold, partially offset by an unfavorable impact of foreign currency. Asia net sales decreased 2.3% for the six months ended <